उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, November 4, 2014

History aspects of Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas

Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period -6
Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -35 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -224     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -472 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                Rohillas Pathans the warrior class were migrated from Afghanistan in search of jobs. Pakhtun tribe people settled in Rohilkhand in early eighteenth century by Daud Khan. Rohillas captured Bijnor, parts of Haridwar, Saharanpur, Barelly, Moradabad, Pilibhit, Rampur, Shahjahnapur (Rohilkhand). Rohillas were always engaged in wars with the above territories rulers.  
 When Rohillas captured Kumaon in 1742, Rohillas were eager to attack on Garhwal. Garhwal King Pradip Shah helped Kumaon King Kalyan Chand and paid rupees three laksh to Rohillas for leaving Kumaon. Rohilla Sardar (Cheiftain) attacked on Salan and part of Dehradun and captured for some time. However, Garhwal King did not accept rule or submission of Rohillas at any time. There had been small time battles with Rohillas till Gorkha invaded Garhwal.  People of Salan fought their own battles with Rohillas many times. There was resistance from rohillas for British army in the forest edges of Timli, Mohund, Kansaro, Hardiwar.
             Rohillas broke temples of Ganga Salan, Malla Salan  and Talla Salan . That is why there are many folk stories of a Gujjar breaking Shiv Ling or idol/sculpture of Devi and the idol parts scattering other places.
           Rohillas were cruel and used to capture slaves and used to burn humans for making wound medicine called Ramtel from blood of men. There are folk stories in each village of Dhangu, Ajmer, Udaipur and Langur , Sheela Pattis (Ganga Salan) about Gujjar capturing men and producing Ramtel by hanging shaved man on a hot Kadhai.  
 Rohilla Sardar helped Dehradun people to increase crop production by helping digging canals in Dehradun.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com4/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -473  
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
XX
History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Garhwal and Rohilkhand; History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Saharanpur, Garhwal and Rohilkhand; History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Haridwar Garhwal and  Rohilkhand; History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Garhwal and Bijnor Rohilkhand; History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Garhwal and Rohilkhand; History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Garhwal and Barelly Rohilkhand; History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Garhwal and Pailibhit Rohilkhand; History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Garhwal and Moradabad Rohilkhand; History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Garhwal and Shahjhanpur Rohilkhand; History aspects Relationship of Garhwal Kingdom with Rohillas in context History of Garhwal and Rampur Rohilkhand;