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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, November 17, 2014

Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period

History Aspects of Lifestyle in Garhwal in pal /Shah Era -9

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -46 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -235     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -483 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

   As happened all over India, the Upper caste Hindus deprived Shilpkars or Dooms from many human rights. There were many inhuman restrictions for Shilpkars in Garhwal too.
 The Shilpkars could not build their houses or huts adjacent to Bith (upper caste). The place where Upper Castes Inhabitant was called ‘Bithana’ and the residence of Shilpkar was called ‘Dumana’. ‘Dumana’ had to be far away and lower place than ‘Bithana’.
 When there was Athwad (sacrificing buffalo) or when cow-bulls used to die, Shilpkars used to take those animals as food. Shilpkar had separate water source. Upper Caste people never took water through ‘Dumana’ (where Shilpkar resided). Therefore, Dumana could not be in between water source of Bith and ‘Dumana’.
         There was no marriage between Bith and ‘Doom (Shilpkar). Doom or Shilpkar were not allowed using Dola-Palki, Horses, silver and gold jewelry in their marriage ceremony. Upper caste used Shilpkar for disposing dead animals. Shilpkar used carry Dola Palki of upper caste in marriages and other ceremonies.    


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com15/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -484 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued


XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal

XX
History Aspects of Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History Aspects of Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Haridwar, Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History Aspects of Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Pauri Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History Aspects of Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Chamoli Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History Aspects of Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Rudraprayag Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History Aspects of Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Tehri Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History Aspects of Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Uttarkashi Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History Aspects of Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Dehradun Garhwal in Pal /Shah Period; History Aspects of Restrictions/ Deprivations for Shilpkar in the Society in Bijor around Pal /Shah Period;