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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

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Monday, November 24, 2014

Dress and Clothing in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -53 

   History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -242     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -490 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

    People of Garhwal did not grow cotton (barring in Bhabhar rarely) and the season was also different than plains. Therefore, the dresses, clothing of Garhwalis was different than other Indian plains. The dresses changed with time too.
 The clothing by hemp fiber, wool was more common. Before, Mughal culture bcame popular, people used to have woolen Thimla and Langot very common. Kings and elites used to have more sophisticated dresses always. Gati was made of hemp fiber and Chadaru of wool was to cover upper body. The Gati or Chadru was put on upper body in such a way that both hands and knee are free for working. Pundit while performing rituals used to have Dhoti on both the body parts.  After getting the influence of Mughal Empire, the dresses of elite class started copying Mughal dresses as Pagadi, Angrakha, Chudidar Paijama, Paijama Kapudiya topi etc. The Garhwal painting of Pradyuman Shah or Medani Shah show the dresses of elites copy of Mughal style.King  Lalit Shah acquire Sikh dressings.
 Women used to put on woolen Dhoti or cotton Dhoti or woolen /hemp fiber Chadaru.Women also used to put woolen or cotton Ghaghara.  Peticoat or female underwear by women was unheard in Garhwal of Shah period. Women used to put a cloth on their head at the ritual time.
People used to beg sew from Pilgrims.
 Dressing pattern in Haridwar and Bijnor was as dressing of Delhi, Saharanpur, and Moradabad. Those regions were influenced by Mughal Empire dresses.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com22/11/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -491 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued


XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
Xx
History aspects Dress and Clothing in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History aspects Dress and Clothing in Haridwar Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History aspects Dress and Clothing in Pauri Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History aspects Dress and Clothing in Chamoli Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History aspects Dress and Clothing in Rudraprayag Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History aspects Dress and Clothing in Tehri Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History aspects Dress and Clothing in Uttarkashi Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History aspects Dress and Clothing in Dehardun Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; History aspects Dress and Clothing in Bijnor around  in Pal/Shah Era;