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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, April 11, 2013

Sristhi Nirman: The Folklore about Universe creation and discussion on Cross Fertilization


Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Uttarkahnd-3
Religious and Mythological Folklores of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand – 3  
(Notes on Universe Creation in folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Uttarakhandi folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Kumaoni folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Garhwali folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Mid Himalayan folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Himalayan folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Indian regional folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Asian regional folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Oriental folklore /Mythology]

                                        Bhishma Kukreti
             In every society, there are mythological stories about universe creation. Maori mythology states that the primal couple Rangi and Papa originated the world/universe.
                There are many stories in Chinese mythology for creation the universe as Pangu separated world egg like Hudan the primordial chaos into heaven. There is also Chinese mythological story that Yin and Yang (female and male) are founder of world.
     In earlier Egyptian mythology, the Goose came out of Milky Way and became source of universe creation.
 Finish mythological epic Kalevala states that universe was created from an egg laid by divine duck on the knee of limatar –the goddess of air.
   Greek mythology speaks that in the beginning there was chaos, an amorphous void encompassing the entire universe and surrounded by an un-leading water stream ruled by god Oceanus and then god created  Gaia (Mother earth)  heaven etc.   
         According to Norse Mythology, Fire and Ice Meeting is cause of universe creation.   
In Philippine mythology, supreme God created world and earth. In one mythological story of Philippine tells that the universe was mad because of struggle among many forces.
 There are mentions of universe creation in Vedas, Upnishads, Purans and other Sanskrit classics or later stage the Buddhist and Jain literature. 

                         Garhwali-Kumaoni Mythology for Universe Creation 

       In Kumaoni -Garhwali folk literature as in Upnishads there is discussion on Universe as in Dhol sagar. There is also discussion on cross fertilization in Garhwali –Kumaoni folklores or in Garhwali folktales as in Champa dali.  The Srishti Nirman Gatha discusses the universe creation and importance of cross fertilization together.

                          कुमाऊं और गढ़वाल की लोक गाथाएँ -3 

                                               सृष्टि निर्माण गाथा 
                                                    मूल शम्भू प्रसाद बहुगुणा 
--------------------------------------
 बोला बोला सगुन बोला कैलास मा भोला शम्भु रे नाथ
भोला शम्भु रे नाथ रौंद -देखा तौंकि धुनी रमीं 
तब  बोनी  देवी पार्वती बोनी 
हे महादेव जी यखुला कैलास मा रेगे विष्णु
 तुम अपणा संग कु क्वी चेला बणै देवा
 दैण जंगा मांग वैन गाड़े मैल कि बतुली
मैल बातुली गुदड़ी का पेट राखे
गुदड़ी का पेट ह्वेगे सूनी अर जम्बू गरुड़ सोभनी
तरुण द्वी भै बैणा ह्वेगेना
जम्बू का दिल मा पाप आयि ग्याय हैक दिन
एक दिन मा इनो समय आये जम्बू पुछण बैठी गे
सूनी बोनी 
बोल बोल हे जम्बू गरुड़ तू आज क्या बात बोदा
जम्बू बोनु  सुणी लेदी सूणी
तू अर मै होइ जुला पति बरता नारी
हे जम्बू तेरो कुटलो सी टूंट 
तू और मैं होला भै बैणो का नाता
जम्बू ना द्वी नेत्र छोड़ी याली सूनी का बोल्यान 

  The above Garhwali folk prose song is starting paragraph of universe creation. The further story about universe creation is as follows
  In the beginning there was void and there was no earth, no sky and no water. The Goddess Parvati was bored by aloofness. Parvati requested God to create universe. Nirankar or formless created female eagle from dirt of his right thigh and created male eagle from the dirt of left thigh. The Name of Female eagle was Soni and male was Jambu. Shiva was shocked as he wanted to create human beings.  
  When Jambu (male eagle) became young he offered to marry Soni. Soni the female eagle became angry as they were brother sister. Jambu started weeping.  Soni  (female eagle) felt sorry for Jamboo (male eagle). She took tears of jambu (male eagle) and drank those tears. Soni (female eagle) became pregnant. Jambu (male eagle) went away from Kailas (where Shiva and Parvati live). Soni (female eagle) left kailas in search of  Jambu (male eagle) and at last she met Jambu. Soni eagle soothed Jamboo. Soni asked the place of delivering eggs. Bothe searched the place but could not find suitable place and came back to Kailas. Soni asked ‘Where to lay egg?” Jambu spread his wing and Soni laid egg on wing. However, the egg broke down. The upper white portion of egg became sky and lower egg portion became earth. The ocean was created by white portion and land by yellow yolk. This way Nirankar created universe.   

Curtsey and references:
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahity
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity
Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet 
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen
Dr Urbi datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyan
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Ravain) 
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday

Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 8/4/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaun-Garhwal, Uttarakhand- to be continued…4
Religious Folklores of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand to be continued… 4  
Notes on Universe Creation in folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Uttarakhandi folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Kumaoni folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Garhwali folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Mid Himalayan folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Himalayan folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Indian regional folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Asian regional folklore /Mythology; Universe Creation in Oriental folklore /Mythology to be continued…