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Monday, April 8, 2013

Ancient Communities of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand), Himalayas


History of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand) - Part -5 

Ancient communities of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand), Himalayas-1

                                                   Bhishma Kukreti
    [Notes on Ancient Communities of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand), Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Udham singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Almora Kumaon,(Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of  Champavat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Pithauragarh ,Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Tihri, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas;  Ancient Communities of Chamoli, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Rudraprayag, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Uttarkashi, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Dehradun, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Haridwar/Hardwar , Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas]        
                    
          The Himalayas has its own peculiarity that there are landslides every year. Hence, there are less archeological evidences in Himalayas about ancient communities of Uttarakhand. However, the old Sanskrit classics as Mahabharata, Ramayana and Purans provide many details of geography and history of Uttarakhand in ancient time. There are descriptions of communities as Rakshas, Asur, Sur, Nar, yaksha, Kinnar etc in the above cited Sanskrit classics.
  Dr Dabral supports the division of inhabitants of Uttarakhand by B.S. Guha on the basis of genes and Saklani, et al, supports the suggestion by B.S. Guha . The discussion states that the following communities came to uttrakhand from prehistoric time to end of metal age.  
1-Negrito (Nishad-
 2-Proto Australoid (Kol Mund, Shabar)
3-Palaeo Mongloid (keer, kirat, Tharu)
4-Tibeto Mongloid (Bhotiya, Tibtee )
5-Paleo-Mediterranean (Adim Rom Sgariya)
6-Mediterrian (rom sagariya)
7-Oreintal type (Prachy)
8-Armanoid (Darda etc)
9-Alpanoid (Khas, Kush, Kashi etc)
10-Dinaric (Shak etc)
11-Nordic (Vedic Arya)
                           1-Negrito (Nishad)
Negrito (Nishad); though there origin goes to Africa but there main inhabitant centers have been South East Asia. Dr Dabral , Saklani; Naval, Ansar and Viyogi; Trivedi state that initially Negrito communities entered to Uttarakhand and Dabral points out that there are still some characteristics found in some communities of Garhwal and Kumauni that proves that Negrito (Nishad) community was there once in Uttarakhand in metal age or earlier. It seems when Kol-Mund community became powerful in Uttarakhand this community became part of new communities Kol-Mund.
  2-Paleo-Mediterranean (Adim Rom Sgariya )and -Mediterrian (rom sagariya)
 These inhabitants also entered into Uttarakhand and they became part of kol, Mund communities.




References and Further Reading Suggestions:
Badri Datt Pandey, 1937, Kumaun ka Itihas, (second edition.) Shyam Prakashan, Almora (page 155-179)
Dabral, Shiv Prasad, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-2, (pages117 to321), Veer Gath Press, Dogadda, India
Dinesh Prasad Saklani, 1998, Ancient Communities of the Himalayas
D.D Sharma, 2009, Cultural History of Uttarakhand
Hari Krishna Raturi, 1921, Garhwal ka Itihas

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 5/4/2013
(The write up is for general readers and may not be properly suitable for history research scholars)
History of Garhwal –Kumaon (Uttarakhand) to be continued… Part -6
Ancient communities of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand), Himalayas- to be continued…2
Notes on Ancient Communities of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand), Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Udham singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Almora Kumaon,(Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of  Champavat Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Pithauragarh ,Kumaon, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Tihri, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas;  Ancient Communities of Chamoli, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Rudraprayag, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Uttarkashi, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Dehradun, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas; Ancient Communities of Haridwar/Hardwar , Garhwal, Uttarakhand, Himalayas to be continued…