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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Goril , Gwill, Golu Deity : Justice Deity of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand )


Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Uttarkahnd-5
Religious and Mythological Folklores of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand – 5 

                                        Bhishma Kukreti 


             Usually, every society has a deity for justice among Idol worshippers.  Gwill, Gwall, Golu, Goril deity is the deity for justice in Uttarakhand.

  Nepal has Mankamna goddess as goddess of justice. Adastria is Greece goddess of justice. D ike is also Greece goddess of justice. Lady Justia is Roman goddess of justice. Mayet, Mat or Maat is ancient Egyptian goddess of justice and moral. Nanshe was the Sumerian goddess for justice. Anby and Haukim were pre Islamic deities for justice in Arab region. Forseti is mythological justice deity of Norse. Honos was military Roman deity. Issitoq is Inuit mythological justice deity Shamash was justice deity in Babylonia and Asyyria and Mandanu is justice deity in modern time Babylonia. Shezmu is Egyptian mythological justice deity. Nahundi is ancient Persian mythological deity for justice.
                          Goril , Gwill, Golu  Deity : Justice Deity of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand)

    Due to his law endeavoring character, Goril was worshipped as deity from his life time. The following folklore prose- song tells the story of justice deity Goril, Gwill, Golu or Gwal. Goril is believed to be Nathpanthi deity. Along with Goril, Kalindra devi is also worshipped and the female Paswa dance as soul of Kalindra too in Jagar of Goril/Gwill.
कुमाऊं और गढ़वाल की लोक गाथाएँ -5 

  गोरिल . ग्विल्ल , गोलु , ग्वल गाथा 
(सन्दर्भ  :शम्भू प्रसाद बहुगुणा  विराट हृदय )


यो हंसुला गढ़
सूरजवंशी हरू
सैम ज्यू दिवान
भानिज कैलास
-----------------------------------------------------
द्वि मामा भानिज अब बैराठ का देश
राजा हरिचन
सैंम ज्यू दिवान
रंगीली चौरड़ी बैग्या शिलंगी का सेल
रात ब्या उज्याळो   हैग्यो
घुमंण पैग्यान बैराठा का देश
हरिचन साथ में  लडन पैग्यान
राजा हरिचन आब विभूति फुंकाला
हुंलो मैं हरिचन राजा सूरज को पूत
इथगी लिंगा तिरलोकिनाथ
छतीस रौताण तनरी बतीस पैरुणी
-----------------------------------------------------
गोरिया महाजन के राजा तुमारौ नाम लिनों
दुदाधारी कृष्ण अवतारी तुमारौ नाम 
ग्वेल गोरिया भनरिया गोरिया चौरिया गोरिया
राजवंशी देव  जसकारी नमन का भोगी
नेपाल धोली  धुमाकोट में तुमरो जनम
थात बतौनि भगवान इष्ट देवता कुल देवता
बु बु हाल राई बाबु झालराई माता कालिंका
अवतारी जसकारी भगवान तुमारो नाम 
छतीस सौ रौताण  सौ ऐड़ी चौसठ योगिनी
फैलिका भूमिया बावन बियर सोळ सौ भैरों
सोळ सौ कलुवा जो तुमार दगड़ चलनी
गुरु गोरखनाथ बटी जो तुमौल  गुरु की 
दयावान तपवान नंगा का सर ढक छा भूका का पेट भर छा
निर्धनी कै धन दि छा , अपुत्र कै पुत्र 

There was rule of Jhalarai the Katyuri king in Champawat. The king had seven queens. They were childless. One day, Jhalrai went for hunting near Kali River. He reached to Dubachaur village and was hungry and tired. He saw that two buffalos were firstly fighting. The king tries to disentangle their fights. However, the king failed to disentangle the fight. The king ordered the servant to bring water from the river.

  The servant went to Kali bank and started filling water into pot. By carelessness, the drops fell down on a girl bathing into the river. The girl sarcastically said,” When the king is so weak who can’t disentangle two fighting buffalos his servant definitely would be discourteous. The servant angrily said,” If you were so strong and brave then go and disentangle the fighting buffalos.”

        The brave girl went there and disentangled two fighting buffalos. The king was stunned to see her bravery and beauty. The king asked the girl about her details. She was niece of another king, her name was Kalindra. However, she had skin disease. King Jhalarai went to her uncle and asks for marrying Kalindra. Jhalarai married to Kalindra and came to his capital. After some time Kalindra became pregnant. However, the king Jhalarai had to go outside the kingdom at the time of child delivery of Kalindra.  

  Other seven queens shifted Kalindra in dark room and told her that she had to put cloth on her eyes for auspicious purpose. Kalindra obeyed her co-sisters. When Kalindra delivered child, other queens took away the child and told to Kalindra that she delivered pumpkin. The seven queens put the child into iron box and threw the box into Ganges.

 When the box was flowing a fisher men family caught the box. The fisherman family was childless and became happy to see the male baby boy. Fisherman family adopted the boy. They took every care for the boy.
 When the boy crossed childhood he was taking a wooden horse to river and asked the wooden horse to drink water. There were seven queens of Jhalari. They asked the boy –how the wood horse would drink water. The child answered as the human mother could deliver pumpkin and same way wooden horse could take water. The queens were shocked to know that boy knew the reality.

 That boy came to Jhalarai and told the real story. King gave the death sentence for punishing his seven queens by throwing them into boiling oil.

  Later on this Goril boy became king. The king became famous for his laws, true justice. People started worshipping Goril in his time.

Curtsey and references:
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahity
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity
Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet 
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen
Dr Urbi datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyan
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Ravain) 
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday


Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 8/4/2013
Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaun-Garhwal, Uttarakhand- to be continued…6
Religious Folklores of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand to be continued… 6