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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

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Thursday, April 11, 2013

History of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand) - Part -9


Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Uttarakhand 

History of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand) - Part -9 

Ancient communities of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand), Himalayas-5 

Western Brachycephal Races of Uttarakhand -1 

[Historical Notes on Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Pithauragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Bageshwar, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Tihri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Rudraprayag, Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Haridwar /Hardwar Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand]

                                    Bhishma Kukreti

  Risley ,Eickstedt, Hutton, B.S Guha, Sarkar, D.N Majumdar and S.K.Chatterji  with little bit vibrations divided Western Brachycephal race ( Broad Headed) into following sub races
    A-Armenoid –दरद आदि
B-Alpanoid -खश  -काशि  जाति
C-Dinaric शक जाति
                                     Armenoid  

Dr Guha states that the original race of Armenoid been in Uttarakhand or nearby and in later stage has either vanished or merged with populated race. There is less differences between Armenoid and Dinaric is that Armenoid has darker pigmentation. Sanskrit classic as Mahabharata includes Armenoid among Shudras.
 According to D.c Sarkar, the Armenoid race was settled in Kashmir in old age. Today, from historian point of views, the Kohistan, Chitral, Kafirstan, Gilgit Kashmir region are called Armenoid region. The Darad language has total effects on development of Sindhi and Punjabi languages.  Since, there is an effect on Garhwali and Kumaoni languages it is definite that Armenoid race was there in Garhwal and Kumaon. However, Armenoid merged with Khash in later stage. In Mahabharata, there is mentions of existences of Armenoid –दरद and Alpanoid -खश  -काशि together.
किरातोराज्ञा विषय सुबाहोपीनास्तुशारान  दरदांश्च 
देशान कुलिन्द्स्य  भूमिरत्नान  (महाभारत , वन पर्व  117/ 11 , 12 )
क्रव्यादादरदादार्वा:                               महाभारत (सभापर्व 48/12)

 The above provides signal that may be in small groups or non dominating groups Armenoid lived in Mid Himalayas in ancient time.   
References and Further Reading Suggestions:
Badri Datt Pandey, 1937, Kumaun ka Itihas, (second edition.) Shyam Prakashan, Almora (page 155-179)
Dabral, Shiv Prasad, 1968, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-2, (pages117 to321), Veer Gath Press, Dogadda, India
Dinesh Prasad Saklani, 1998, Ancient Communities of the Himalayas
D.D Sharma, 2009, Cultural History of Uttarakhand
Hari Krishna Raturi, 1921, Garhwal ka Itihas
Jagdish Bahadur , 2003 Indian Himalayas
Dr. Naval  Viyogi, Professor M A Ansari, 2010  History of the Later Harappans and Shilpkara Movement (two volumes) Kalpaz Publication, Delhi, India
H.K Barpujari, 1990, The Comprehensive History of Assam (page 11)
Bindeshwar Prasad Sinha, 1974 The Comprehensive History of Bihar (Page-70)
Fisher, William B., 2003, The Middle East and Africa  
S.N Sen, 1999, Ancient Indian History and Civilization
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 10/4/2013
(The write up is for general readers and may not be properly suitable for history research scholars)
History of Garhwal –Kumaon (Uttarakhand) to be continued… Part -10
Ancient communities of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand), Himalayas- to be continued…6
Western Brachycephal Races of Uttarakhand to be continued…2
Historical Notes on Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Pithauragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Bageshwar, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Champawat, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Uttarkashi Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Tihri Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western Brachycephal Races of Ancient Chamoli Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Rudraprayag, Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Haridwar /Hardwar Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Dehradun Garhwal, Uttarakhand; Western  Brachycephal Races of Ancient Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand to be continued…