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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, April 28, 2013

Kalbisht (Kal Bisht): The Folk Deity for Helping instantly


Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Uttarkahnd-12
Religious, Spiritual and Mythological Folklore of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand – 12  

                                         Bhishma Kukreti 

 In every culture and civilization, there had been folk deities and goddesses helping their communities as a place T’u-ti of China is famous for protecting specific place as bridge, home, street etc. Bu-Dai or laughing Buddha is folk deities of Chinese culture and Vietnam who provides contentment and wealth. Yahweh was national deity to help people in Iron Age of Israel. Demeter is goddess of farmer in Greece mythology.
 Kalbisht is one of Uttarakhandi folk deities and goddesses famous for instant help to devotees.  It is said that people still listen the flute of Kalbisht and sound of walking buffalo of Kalbisht in meadows of Binsar and Pali Pachhaun (Kumaon) regions. It is believed that Kalbisht shows path in dense jungles.
         There are temples of Kalbisht as in Gairad (Almora), Chinauni (Almora), The Kalbisht is also called ‘Dana Goll’ or the deity as Goll for justice. Kalbisht means the create images of a brave , gentle cattle herd  owner having murli, Mochhang, Bansuri, Pakhai, Ramta, Ghungharvalon, Dantuli  Kamli, Lakhma, Birali, Khnaua, Bhagua Rumeli, Dhumeli, Gai  etc.

     There are Jagars related to Kalbisht and few lines are as

कुमाऊं और गढ़वाल की लोक गाथाएँ -12 

               कलबिष्ट 
[सन्दर्भडा प्रयाग जोशी कुमाउनी लोक गाथाएँतृतीय भाग ]

कोट्यूड़ कलबिष्ट तेरो जनम को थान
रंगीलो महल छयो गोलपाटा छाजा
तेरी इजु रमौती बैणि  जसौदा
तेरो बाबू रामसिंह बूबू जयसिंह
त्यर दूधपिन्या छुरीछ ऐड  हत्यार
नाली  दुनाली कल्याण कलबिष्ट
सौ भैंसी लैणी  तेरी सौ भैंसी बाखड़ी
गै तेरी गुजरि बिश्नुली उसरि
तेरो बल्द चुनवां नागा -भागा भैंसी
ड्यौरी गों में होला तेरा बैरिया बैठियाँ
 बैस भाई ड्योड़िया तेरो भीना छलिया
बैरी  रुन दिनाँ छोणछै जन्मै की थात
रतन कमली बनवारी बांसुरी
 रंगधारी मुरली तेरी नौ सेर दातुली 
 The folklore states that Kotryud is the birth place of Kal Bisht. The father’s name of Kal Bisht (Klabisht) was Jay Ram Singh and mother was Ramoti. He had big and marvelous place with great balconies. Kalbisht had large herds of caws and buffalos (Kharak). He used to take his herds to Binsar forest.
             Due to enemies, Kalbisht had to leave his birth place and settled to Tarai Bhabhar (plains of Garhwal and Kumaon). One day, in Tarai Bhabhar, Kalbisht saw a dream that his buffalo herds are grazing in Binsar green grass land. Kalua (kal Bisht) told about his dream to his mother and told that he was visiting his birth place. His mother Ramoti told him that he should never thing about visiting his birth place as there were his enemies. Klabisht refused to fillow his mother’s advice and went to astrologer for auspicious day to leave for Binsar region. The astrologer showed inability to find any auspicious date in that year. However, the astrologer said that on that particular day or then sixteenth of Jeth were also auspicious days.
               On sixteenth of Jeth month, Kalbisht started his journey with his large herds. His animals were putting bells. He started his journey from plains to hills. From there he reached to Gaulaghat through Haldwani, Kathgodam.  Along with him Gaula Masan (a bad soul/spirit) also started to walk. Kalbisht defeated that Gaula bad spirit and made his slave. The Gaula Masan slave started helping Kalbisht.
       Kalbisht crossed the steep hills of Ranibag and reached to Chandrika temple. Kalbisht worshipped Chandrika devi there for his cow/buffalo herds.   Kalbisht reached to Almora. The women folks of shah of Almora were surprised to watch the cattle of Kalabisht.
 From Almora, Kalbisht saw the grass land of Binsar; he was restless to reach green pasture of Binsar immediately. llabisht used to help everybody.
 When he reached to Binsar meadows, his enemy became active and his own brother in law relative Bheena Lakhyodi  (Himmat Singh ) killed him by beating a rod on his head deceptively. Kalbisht died immediately. Kalbisht was killed deceptively by his own people. However, people did not forget his helping nature of Kalbisht and people provided him deity ranks after his death. People worship Kalbisht and dance for his soul in Ghadela.  

Copyright (Interpretation) @ Bhishma Kukreti, 26/4/2013 


Folklore, Folk Legends, Folk Myths of Kumaon-Garhwal, Uttarakhand to be continued…13
Religious, Spiritual and Mythological Folklore of Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand to be continued…13   

Curtsey and references:
Dr. Krishna Nand Joshi, Kumaon ka Lok Sahitya (Folklore texts of Kumaon)
 Dr Trilochan Pandey, Kumaoni Bhasha aur Uska Sahity(Folklore literature of Kumaon )
Dr Siva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Lok Nrityageet  (Folk Songs and dances of Garhwal )
Dr Govind Chatak, Garhwali Lokgathayen (Folklore of Garhwali)
Dr. Govind Chatak, Kumaoni Lokgathayen (Folklore of Kumaoni)
Dr Urbi Datt Upadhyaya, Kumaon ki Lokgathaon ka Sahityik Adhyayan (Literary review of Folklore of Kumaon)
Dr. Prayag Joshi, Kumaon Garhwal ki Lokgathaon ka Vivechnatmak Adhyayan (Critical Review of Folklore of Kumaon and Garhwal)
Dr Dinesh Chandra Baluni, Uttarakhand ki Lokgathayen (Folklore of Uttarakhand)
Dr Jagdish (Jaggu) Naudiyal, Uttarakhand ki Sanskritik Dharohar, (Partially Folklore of Ravain) 
Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Dhunyal (Folklore and Folk Songs of Garhwal)
Shambhu Prasad Bahuguna, Virat Hriday
Kusum Budhwar, 2010, Where Gods Dwell: Central Himalayan Folktales and Legends 
Kumaon: Kala, Shilp,aur Sanskriti         www.himvan.com/webpages/dana.htm
Notes on folk deity of Uttarakhand famous for  helping instantly; folk deity of Kumaon helping instantly; folk deity of Garhwal famous for  helping instantly; folk deity of Almora famous for  helping instantly; deity of Nainital helping instantly; folk deity of Udham Singh Nagar famous for  helping instantly; folk deity of Pithauragarh helping instantly; folk deity of Champawat  famous for  helping instantly; folk deity of Bageshwar  famous for  helping instantly  to be continued…