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Thursday, April 4, 2013

History of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand) - Part 2


Uttarakhand of Mesolithic Age

History of Kumaon-Garhwal (Uttarakhand) - Part 2

                                                   Bhishma Kukreti

[Notes on Uttarakhand in Mesolithic Age; Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Pauri Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Tihri Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Chamoli Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Rudra Prayag Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Uttarkashi Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Dehradun Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Haridwar/Hardwar Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Pithauragarh Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Almora Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Bageshwar Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Champavat Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Nainital Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Ranikhet Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon in Mesolithic Age]

                 Mesolithic Age means middle Stone Age and is synonym of  Epipaleolithic Age (Outside North Europe) . The age of Mesolithic Age is guessed around 100000 to 30000 BCE in Indian subcontinent.  There are advancements in the culture of Humans of Paleolithic Age. The stone, wood and bone tools of Mesolithic Age were more sharper, artful and less weight than tools of Paleolithic Age.  The other materials were used for stone tools are organic materials as skin, bone, antler and wood.

              There were main three types of Pygmy tools with Mesolithic Age human race – Blades, Scrapers and projectile points. These tools were used for hunting, scraping and protection by Mesolithic Age human beings.
  The animal skins were used for body protection and water carrier or carrying other materials.
The tradition of Flint tools also started in this Mesolithic Age and the flint tools became the medium of fire generation too. The human beings used to stay in caves, temporary huts. Hunting was main characteristics of Mesolithic Age human race.

          Dr Dabral states that the Samdhi for dead body also started in this age and people also started believing on new birth after death.
  The sign of Mesolithic Age in Uttarakhand were found by Dr Yagya Datt Sharma near Bahadarabad (Gangadwar or Haridwar).  In India, the Mesolithic Age human societies were in Hyderabad, Gujrat, Kathiyavad, Central India, Chhota Nagpur and Punjab.
References:
Dr Shivprasad Dabral, 1968 Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Veergatha Dogadda, India

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 4/4/2013

(The write up is for general readers and may not be properly suitable for history research scholars)
History of Garhwal –Kumaon (Uttarakhand) to be continued… Part 3
Notes on Uttarakhand in Mesolithic Age; Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Pauri Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Tihri Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Chamoli Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Rudra Prayag Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Uttarkashi Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Dehradun Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Haridwar/Hardwar Garhwal in Mesolithic Age; Pithauragarh Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Almora Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Bageshwar Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Champavat Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Nainital Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Ranikhet Kumaon in Mesolithic Age; Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon in Mesolithic Ageto be continued.