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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, June 22, 2017

North East and South Garhwal Forests

 British Administration in Garhwal   -114
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History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -131
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            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -968
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)

                        North East Garhwal Forests
      There were pines trees at Pindar River bank from Betwa to Kulsari. Webber praised those forests. There is abundant water in Pindar River from May to October. The cut sleepers could easily flow on Pindar River water. From Pindar and Alaknanda conferences,  the sleeper could easily flow to Haridwar through Alaknanda and from devprayag though  Ganga Rivers. There were no hurdles for sleepers flowing up to Haridwar. There was abundant water for sleeper flowing in Nandakini River too. The pine forests in Nandakini and Pindar valleys were long, Most of pine trees were of five feet diameter. Above Kanali, Cyprus and other xerophytes trees were there including Devdaru.  
               South Garhwal Forests
 Up to 8000 Feet, around Kainur, Sungarkhal, Juniyagarh and Dudhatoli hills of Nayar River valley, there were dense forests of oaks and Kharsu. Ransal trees were there in 11 sqaure miles in Dudhatoli valley. In rainy season, near Kainyur valley,  sleepers could follow in near Nayar River that meets Vyaschatti with Ganga. However, around Chiplaghat there were hurdles in Nayar River flow. In Upper region of Nayar Valley, there were oak, kharsu and ransal  trees and in south, other trees were there.
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Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 14/6/2017
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -969
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*** History of British Rule/Administration over British Garhwal (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
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(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page- 287-312
 2- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts, vol. 1 page 873-74

Xx

History of British Rule, Administration , Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule , Administration , Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand ; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand ;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand