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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Friday, July 1, 2016

Birth and speedy Development of new Corruption in British Garhwal

History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -2
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -838
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
             There were corrupt and oppressive officials in Gurkha and Garhwali rule too.  Frazer advised or instructed Baldock to keep the administration as it was in old time and not to change suddenly (Saxena). Baldock was busy in tour and entertainment there. Therefore, the corrupt officials and prostitute agents became powerful in the administration. People had to offer bribes to prostitute agents and officials for getting actions for their applications.  If the English or high cadre officer signed on application for an action, the peon or record keeper never forwarded the  applications without taking bribe from the applicants. The lower cadre employees used to take commission on the purchase by High cadre officials. Many times, those officials used to free a criminal and used to penalize the innocent ones as officials used to get bribe from criminals.

                  Police Administration under Major Baldock in British Garhwal
            British officers handed over the responsibility for law and order to 500 Santari/police men under Baldock. A few policemen were Gorkha from Nasari battalion or those soldiers who changed the side when knew that Gurkha kingdom was coming to an end. Those soldiers were placed at regional head quarters of Garhwal and a few were under Superintendent of Shrinagar.
       The situation did not change even in British rule. The officers used to announce decision without any analysis and research.
                             Trembled Judiciary  
        Maularam illustrated a shaky judiciary system under Baldock. At every step, officers used to take bribe and in that case normal justice was lacking in Shrinagar and other places in British Garhwal. Witnesses were sold or purchased.
(Reference – Dabral, Maularam, Sitaram , Maheshwar Dayal, Saksena) )
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 1/7/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -839
*** History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun, (Pauri , Rudraprayag, and Chamoli) Garhwal (1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
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History of British Rule, Administration, Policies over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;