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Sunday, July 3, 2016

Durga Prasad Ghildiyal: An Important Signature in Garhwali Literature

Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry – 37
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                    Literature Historian:  Bhishma Kukreti
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              Late Durga Prasad Ghildiyal is one of the prominent signatures in Garhwali language story field.      Durga Prasad Ghildiyal accelerated the speed of modern Garhwali story literature founded by Sada Nand Kukreti in 1913 by publishing first ever modern story in Garhwali language. Durga Prasad Ghildiyal have been attached to Garhwali literature movement of eighties and nineties. 
            Durga Prasad Ghildiyal was born on 6th November, 1923 in a Himalayan village Pandalyu of Katalsyun, Pauri Garhwal of Uttarakhand. Durga Prasad Ghildiyal expired on 25th July, 2001 in Delhi 
      After High Schooling; he joined the government service and retired from there in Delhi in 1981.
H e published three collections of Garhwali language story 
1- Gari (1981 and awared by Teeka ram gaur Puruskar)
2- Mwari was published in 1986
3- Bwari published in 1987
            Durga Prasad Ghildiyal is also credited for writing novel in Garhwali language. His novel ‘Uchyano’ was published by Surya Prakashan Delhi 
Durga Prasad Ghildiyal wrote more than seventy five stories. The readers will find real incidents of Garhwal in each story of Ghildiyal. The stories of Ghildiyal illustrated the life of Garhwali village and its inhabitants.
              Durga Prasad Ghildiyal is the master of showing the pains, happiness, enthusiasm, hard works, and sacrifice of Garhwali women. Ghildiyal also shows different psychology of different human beings at different time and places. Literature creators as Abodh Bandhu Bahuguna, Prem Lal Bhatt, Madan Duklan, Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal , Lalit Keshwan praised Durga Prasad Ghildiyal for his story narration style, using perfect symbolic Garhwali words, showing true picture of Garhwal , uses of proverbs, characterization of characters, hooking the reader’s interest in story. Editor of Hilans Arjun Singh Gusain used to appreciate the works of Ghildiyal in story writing field. 
          Durga Prasad Ghildiyal was also in editorial board of Gadmyateki Ganga and was active members of many Garhwali literature organizations of Delhi 
          Durga Prasad Ghildiyal also created a few Garhwali poems and published in magazines and news papers. His poems are again related to rural Garhwal and emotional. His language is always simple in poems. Phrases of Ghildiyal are commonly used in Garhwal.
  नि छौ खयाल कि तू परदेशो ह्वेली 
रचना -- दुर्गा प्रसाद घिल्डियाल (1923 -स्वर्गीय पंदाऴयू पौड़ी गढ़वाल )
जु मैं मु धर्युं छौ त्वे देइ याले 
अपणा हड्गौ रस जु मैं मु बच्युं छौ 
खलैकि यख की बारा रस्याळी 
विदेशु रण मा त्वे तैं पठै छौ। 
निभैने तिन बल भला ही काज 
रखे तिन म्यरा दूध कि लाज नि छौ खयाल कि तू परदेशो ह्वेली
भरोसो छयो कि तु मैं मु ऐली। 
छोड़ी पुराणी नई थैं अंग्यौणो 
या प्रथा  भौत पुराणी 
पर माँ  माँ  इनो किलै नि सोची 
बर्षु बटि  ज्वा त्वे तैं भट्यौणी। 
तख रच्येंदी कविता गयेंदा गीत 
पर याँन नि ढकेंदी म्यरि नाँग काँग 
नि पौंछदि यख त्यरा गित्तु की भौण 
सुद्दी -मुद्दी नि लगौणी लांग फांग। 
भैरा का औंदन मि तैं भ्यंटेणू 
भितर जाणा छन भैर ढुंढणू 
जु होन्दा सुमन सरीखा लाल मैं मू 
मिन नि फैलौणा छा हाथ हाथ त्वेमू। 
यख आग भभरौंद लगदन बडूळी  
मी दिन भूक नी रात सेणी 
त्यरो याद कन्नो उन्नि सि दिखेंद 
सियां भुला की जसि भुक्की पेणी। 
सर्वाधिकार दुर्गा प्रसाद घिल्डियाल परिवार 



Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, 2016
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