British Administration in Garhwal -9
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -25
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -863
By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
The company Directors in Kolkata understood that without proper assessment of land revenue, it was not possible for permanent land management. They stated that without proper assessment the revenue sources would be closed.
The directors suggested to Governor General that Government should not regularize land settlement for revenue more than five years. (Dharmbhanu)
In 1816, Government regularized the regulation number -16 and land settlement was started in plains.
Government increased the time for land settlement for Garhwal and Kumaon up to 1923 through regulation number -9 of year 1818 (Dharmbhanu).
According to regulation of 9 of 1824, the land settlement period was fixed further five years. As per regulation – 2 of 1826, the period was fixed for next five years ((Dharmbhanu).
Fourth Land Settlement in Garhwal
The third land settlement (1818-1820ended in 1820. The fourth land settlement period was from 1820 to1822-23) . After fourth one, Trail set three land revenue settlements for five years as-
Fifth land revenue settlement – 1823 to 1827-28
Sixth land revenue settlement – 1833 to 1837-38
There was revenue increase tax planning in each settlement. There ws nominal income from sixth and seventh settlement (3). Trail completed paper work or settlement job while he was travelling from Haridwar – Badrinath for settlement job.(3)
The trail settlement was based on the past land settlement of Garhwali Kingdom and Gurkha settlement Fard/record. There was no additional information than land area in the both rules records. In 1822, Trail recorded the measurement through assumption measurement method without actual measurement. On that time, the real purpose was to record the area of agriculture land. (3)
Trail recorded following areas in the land settlement –
A booklet of a village was named as ‘Chaksima’ or ‘Ganv Halat’
In the above booklet, the following details-
1-Mauje (Village)- (Ganv) and Pargana name,
2-Borders of village (Ganv ki Seemayen
3-Various ‘Tok’ name and measurement of agriculture land (in bees nail). Trail calculated a Beesee (20) as 240 square yard
4-Land owner names
Trail arranged two registers (chaknama) for a Patti. At initial pages, there were names of villages. One register was kept in Shrinagar and other was given to Patwari (revnue officer) of that Patti. The above seema (border, limit) , The judiciary courts accepted the ‘sima’ of Chaknama .
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, firstname.lastname@example.org 28/7/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -864
*** History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun, (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli) Garhwal (1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page 156-157
2-Dharmbhanu, History of Administration of North West Provinces, page 45- 51
3-Pauri Settlement report page 55, 56
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system, over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies Revenue system over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system over Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;