उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Friday, July 15, 2016

Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi: A Successful Garhwali Translator of Sanskrit Poetries

Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry –-303
                    Literature Historian:  Bhishma Kukreti
-
There are basic problems of translating poems of one language to other language as:
1-lack of similar sounds in two languages
2-Diction is different than one language’s poems
3-There may be aesthetic differences
4-There may be linguistic differences
           In Garhwali, there has been tradition of Garhwali literature poets translating poems of classic Sanskrit poems into Garhwali.  One of such Garhwali literature creative is Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi who translated Sanskrit classic poetry collection ‘Sudama Charit’ by Narotam Das into Garhwali language with ease.
   Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi was born in Syunrai Khet village of Lansdowne block, Pauri Garhwal on 6th July 1923. Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi started literary activities from the student life when he was taking schooling from Mission School Dehradun 1944-1945. He along with Damodar Prasad Thapliyal, Dr Purushottam Dobhal, Ram Chandra Uniyal, started a Garhwali magazine ‘Fyunli’. Due to financial problems, they had to stop publication of ‘Fyunli’.
   After completing his studies, Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi joined Police service in 1944 and retired from their in 1981.
  In Hindi, he published poetry collections and story collection.
   Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi published a translation of Sanskrit classic poetries created by Narotam Das – ‘Sudama Charit’.  ‘Sudama Charit’ is about the eternal friendship between two friends –lord Krishna and poor Sudama.
  The translation of ‘Sudama Charit’ (same name in Garhwali) shows that Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi was brilliant translator. Garhwali ‘Sudama Charit’ proves that Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi was great knowledgeable of Sanskrit and Garhwali languages and had depth knowledge of poetic construction system. Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi was well versed with the emotions hidden in the Sanskrit poetries.

  The readers will find the capability of Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi in creating attractive Doha as

सुण बामणी बेकार छनदुन्या का सबि भोग
सच्चु भजन भगवान् कू , मिटे दींद सबि रोग

Another example of brilliancy of Pundit Ishwari Datt Dwivedi is seen here in the following Dhanakshari and Savaiya;

सुदामा नौं सुणदइ , सब राज काज
दौड़ी दौड़ी गैन प्रभु , नंगी पाँव द्वार पर
उनि , जन अब तक , जांद रैन वो सदनि,
विपद का मारा दुखी भक्तु की पुकार पर II
पांवु पड़ी बामण का बार बार भेंट दन
वर्ष बिटि बिछड्याँ जु मित्र को मिलाप यो ?
या कि योगिराज लीलाधर भगवान् कु
सार्थक दीन बंधु नाम कु प्रताप यो ?

 When Pundit Ishwari Datt was ailing and struggling for his life, he handed over another Garhwali literature book to the publisher for publication. However, Pundit Ishwari Datt expired on 13th December 2008 and the book ‘ Banji Koodi ku Jagwalu?’  is still is waiting for publishing.
  Garhwali literature will always remember Pundit Ishwari Datt as great translator for literature cross fertilization.

 Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai; 2016
Reference:
 Dr Nand Kishor Dhoundiyal, 2012, Garhwal ki Divangat Vibhutiyan, Dhad Prakashan, Dehradun, India.

Critical and Chronological History of Asian  Modern Garhwali Folk Songs ; Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali Folk Verses; Critical and Chronological History of Asian Modern Poetries; Poems Contemporary Poetries; Contemporary folk Poetries from Garhwal; Development of Modern Garhwali Folk Songs; Poems; Critical and Chronological History of South Asian    Modern Garhwali Folk Verses; Modern Poetries; Contemporary Poetries; Contemporary folk Poetries Poems  from Pauri Garhwal; Modern Garhwali Folk Songs; Modern Garhwali Folk Verses; Poems ; Modern Poetries; Contemporary Poetries; Contemporary folk Poetries from Chamoli Garhwal; Critical and Chronological History of Asian Modern Garhwali Folk Songs; Modern Garhwali Folk Verses; Poems; Critical and Chronological History of Asian  Modern Poetries; Contemporary Poetries, Poems folk Poetries from Rudraprayag Garhwal Asia; Modern Garhwali Folk Songs; ; Critical and Chronological History of Asian Modern Garhwali Folk Verses; Modern Poetries; Contemporary Poetries; Contemporary folk Poetries from Tehri Garhwal; Asia ; Poems;  Inspirational and Modern Garhwali Folk Songs; Asian Modern Garhwali Folk Verses; Modern Poetries; Contemporary Poetries; Contemporary Folk Poetries from Uttarkashi Garhwal;  Modern Garhwali Folk Songs; Modern Garhwali Folk Verses; Poems; Asian Modern Poetries; Critical and Chronological History of Asian Poems; Asian Contemporary Poetries; Contemporary folk Poetries Poems from Dehradun Garhwal; Famous Asian Poets; Famous South Asian Poet ; Famous SAARC Countries Poet ;Critical and Chronological History of Famous Asian Poets of Modern Time;