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Friday, July 8, 2016

Jaya Nand Khuksal ‘BauLya’-जया नंद खुकसाल 'बौऴया': One of the initiators of Surrealism in South Asian- Garhwali poetry

Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry – 39
                    Literature Historian:  Bhishma Kukreti
       There are tens of migrated Garhwali poets who crafted beautiful Garhwali verses about Garhwal and the pain, emptiness of Garhwal because of migration but there are only a couple of Garhwali poets who could create poetry showing the pain, hurting, insults, aloofness, paying struggle, worthless struggle, the burden of two places (in migrated place and in village of Garhwal), the new social community formation where his/her pride is pierced before him/her by the situation or displacement of a common Garhwali migrated to metro or cities of India from lovely Garhwal.
         The common and helpless migrated Garhwali has to struggle with many dimensional situations just not for his own survival but for the present family in Garhwal and for building a new golden future for his next generation. At one side, the newly migrated Garhwali has to face the situation of fast adaptation for materialistic growth in the city and other side , he has to keep the burden of rural culture alive and be ready psychologically and physically at all the time for balancing both the burdens. Though most of the modern Garhwali poems were created by migrated Garhwali but very few Garhwali creative could pay attention on the burdens of migrated Garhwalis. Kanhaiya Lal DandariyaL Lalam Ji and Jaya Nand Khuksal ‘ BauLya’ are remembered in Garhwali poetry field for their poems showing , describing , displaying the sting , the balances and imbalances in accommodating the newer situation occurring every time in migrated land, the soaring agonizing in keeping others happy of migrated Garhwalis . No doubt , Jeet Sing Negi was the first Garhwali verse creator to show the pain of migrated Garhwalis (tu wheli beera uchi nisi danyun man gashiyaryun ka bhesh man, khud man teri run lagun chhaun des pardes man). However, Jeet Singh Negi is more famous for his creating melodious songs (geet) than the modern poems.
Born on 17th October in a farmer family of NooNyun of Aswalsyun, Pauri Garhwal in the year 1925 , Jaya Nand Khuksal served twelve years in the army till 1954. After retiring from army Late Jaya Nand Khuksal shifted to New Delhi he worked Ganesh Flour Mills from 1955 to 1986.
             He created around hundred of poems in Garhwali but we could find only twenty one poems in his only book ‘Ilmatu Dada’ published in the year1988.
        Kanhaya Lal Dandariyal wrote about his unpublished poems, “Garhwali writers are unlucky in publishing their created literature and most of the literature of each writer is dumped in the corner of cupboards. Hundreds of poems created by Jaya Nand Khuksal are tied in funchis(bundles.)”
Most of the poems of Jaya Nand Khuksal come under surrealism. Many of his unpublished poems were read by him in kavisamellan or before his literary friends like Dandariyal, Vinod Uniyal, Prem lal Bhatt, Netra Singh Aswal . One of his poem lover Shri Nand Uniyal said to me , once, about his poems, ‘His some poems are purely real experiences of a migrated Garhwali who is not well educated and struggling a lot in Delhi.”. Shri Nand Uniyal further explained about those poems, which seems to be the subject of Garhwal are in fact, displays the pain of a migrated Garhwali . Uniyal further said, “The beauty of narration of late ‘BauLya’ is that even the happenings of Garhwal in his poems show, display, reflect the feeling of migrated Garhwali. This is his exclusivity among Garhwali poets.” Chhabis January poem is the best example, which show a real pain of a migrated Garhwali and the real pain of migration.
His formats of Garhwali poetries are unique and became the directional force and inspirational force for newer poets of the language. His style and simplicity in composing the verses made him famous poet of kavisamellan of his time.
His famous poems are :
Ilmatu dada
Ghar basaula
Janm bhoomi
In marilya
Jog maya
GhutDu ki bwai
Chhabis January
Chal bichari Ghara
Sun lya mera praN
Dhandai pukar
Jaya Nand BauLya was always a stern supporter of separate state for Uttrakhand and he criticized the discriminative acts and policies of Uttrapradesh government, administrative officials and red tapes.
The famous Garhwali verse critic Bhagwati Prasad Nautiyal comments on the wordings, composition and format of Jaya Nand’ BauLya’s poems that late Jaya Nand used unique symbols and similitude, which his other contemporary or older poets never used.
It is the tragedy for Garhwali literature that the creative has to arrange himself for publishing the literature and arrange free distribution too. Late Jaya Nand BauLya was not rich man and could publish only one collection of poems.
        इलमतु दादा 
हैळ लगांदा बुखणा बुखांदा,
इलमतु दादा भदोड़ा बांदा। 
कुरता चिरीऊँ ट्वप फट्यूं च ,
क्वाटा बौंळो   सफाचट नी चा।  
घुंड मा सुलार तैको फट्यूं चा;
झपड़म झपड़म हिटणा लग्युं चा।  
रकर्याट कैकि पुंगडौ म आंदा ,इलमतु दादा भदोड़ा बांदा।  
बळद भि वैका  ठडगैळ छीना ,
ढमणा दुयुं  बैठयांऊ छिना। 
रंगू काळा कबरीणा छिना , 
दांत भि ऊंका निखुऴयाउ छिना। 
 ठेलि ठेलि बि अगनै नि जाँदा , 
इलमतु दादा भदोड़ा बांदा।
हौळो कु वैकु हथनड़ु ,नी चा ,
निसुड़ा का मुख ऊनि ख्वंड्यू च।  
यक सिंग्या ढांगो झिल्लो जुत्युं चा 
जिमदार कना को क्वी ढंग नी चा 
xx      xxx 
को छौ घसेर्यो  सूणि लियां 
घुतडु  ब्वे मा  इन बोलि दियां। 
पल्य ख्वाळ जैकि छांच मांगी लयां , 
मी खुणि जरा सि छंच्या पकैयां।  
ढया मा खड़ु ह्वै धाद लागांदा 
इलमतु दादा भदोड़ा बांदा।

Jaya Nand BauLya was one of the poets who initiated realism in Garhwali poetry.
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, 2016
Surrealism in Asian  Modern Garhwali Folk Songs, Surrealism in Modern Garhwali Folk Verses, Asian Modern Poetries, Surrealism in Poems Contemporary Poetries, Surrealism in Contemporary folk Poetries from Garhwal; Development of Modern Garhwali Folk Songs, Poems, Surrealism in South Asian    Modern Garhwali Folk Verses, Modern Poetries, Contemporary Poetries, Contemporary folk Poetries Poems  from Pauri Garhwal; Modern Garhwali Folk Songs, Modern Garhwali Folk Verses, Poems , Modern Poetries, Contemporary Poetries, Surrealism in Contemporary folk Poetries from Chamoli Garhwal; Asian Modern Garhwali Folk Songs, Surrealism in Modern Garhwali Folk Verses, Poems, Surrealism in Asian  Modern Poetries, Contemporary Poetries, Poems folk Poetries from Rudraprayag Garhwal Asia; Modern Garhwali Folk Songs, , Asian Modern Garhwali Folk Verses, Surrealism in Modern Poetries, Contemporary Poetries, Contemporary folk Poetries from Tehri Garhwal, Asia ; Poems, Surrealism in Inspirational and Modern Garhwali Folk Songs, Surrealism in Asian Modern Garhwali Folk Verses, Modern Poetries, Contemporary Poetries, Contemporary Folk Poetries from Uttarkashi Garhwal; , Surrealism in Modern Garhwali Folk Songs, Modern Garhwali Folk Verses, Poems, Asian Modern Poetries, Surrealism in Asian Poems, Surrealism in Asian Contemporary Poetries, Contemporary folk Poetries Poems from Dehradun Garhwal; Famous Asian Poets, Famous South Asian Poet , Famous SAARC Countries Poet , Famous Asian Poets of Modern Time ,
पौड़ी गढ़वालउत्तराखंड  से गढ़वाली लोकगीत कविता चमोली  गढ़वालउत्तराखंड  से गढ़वाली लोकगीत कविता रुद्रप्रयागगढ़वालउत्तराखंड  से गढ़वाली लोकगीत कविता ;टिहरी गढ़वालउत्तराखंड  से गढ़वाली लोकगीत कविता ;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल,उत्तराखंड  से गढ़वाली लोकगीत कविता देहरादून गढ़वालउत्तराखंड  से गढ़वाली लोकगीत कविता ;   Asian Poems for Surrealism; South Asian Poems for Surrealism ; Indian Poems for Surrealism  ; North Indian Poems for  Surrealism  ; Himalayan Poems for Surrealism