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Saturday, July 23, 2016

Tehsils in Garhwal in British Period

British Administration in Garhwal   -3         
       -
History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -19
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -857
-
                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
 
           In British period, Garhwal was called ‘Pahad’, the plains of Bhabhar, Dehradun, Chandighat Pargana were called ‘ Madhes or ‘Mal’.
            
       Frazer reported 16 Pargana in a letter of 21st July 1815 (Dabral).  While, Atkinson mentined 17 Pargana . Atkinson mentioned Seela as  additional Pargana. Frazer did not mention Seela.  Atkinson rectified the names of two Parganas Kuthli and Pinkando as Khatli and parkandi. Frazer mentioned a Patti ‘Silha’ as patti of Salan. Kedarkhand also mentions the name ‘Silha (172/11). The old name for ‘Seela’ was ‘Silha’.
      In 1815, British government established Shrinagar and Chandpur Tehsils and Peshkari in Kotdwara. There was police station in Kotdwara too. In 1817, Kotdwara was changed from Peshkari to Dhangu (Kainyur) Tehsil.(Atkinson).
  There were following Pargana and Pattis of Chandpur Tehsil in 1821-
Chandpur Pargana- 5 Pattis , Chandpur, Lobha, Dhanpur, Tambakhand . Chopdakot –
Badhan Pargana- 3 Pattis, Badhan, Kadakot and Kapiri
Malsalan- 7 Pattis, Sabli,Khatli, Bangarsyun, Gujudu, Dhoundiyalsyun, Saindhar, Meldhar.
Dhangu Tehsil- 11 Pattis, Udaipur, Ajmer, Dhangu, Seela, Karaundu (today’s Dabralsyun), Kauria, Langur, Bungi, Bijlaut, Badalpur.
 In 1822, British administration abolished Dhangu as Tehsil.
The five Pattis were brought under new Pargana ’Gangaslan’, Gangasalan was kept under Shrinagar Tehsil.
    The balance six Pattis of Dhangu were kept under ne Pargana- Tallasalan under Chandpur Tehsil.
   Initially, Chandkot Pargana had Idiyakot, Talain, and Kolagad Pattis. Later on a few villages of Devalgarh were added in Chandkot Pargana. (Atkinson)
    In 1834, government abolished Shrinagar Tehsil and brought one one Tehsil Chandpur and HQ was at Kenyur. Again Shringar was made Tehsil. A Panai Patti of Chandpur Pargana was brought under Dhanpur  (Dabral, page 150)
 
 
   
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 22/7/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -858
*** History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun, (Pauri, Rudraprayag, and Chamoli) Garhwal (1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan, part -1, page 149
2-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -6, Gorkhyali
3-Pandey, Kumaon ka Itihas, page 455
4-Atkinson, Himalayan districts, vol-2, page 648
 
      Xx
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;
 
 Dhangu, Gangasalan Ka Kukreti