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Friday, July 8, 2016

Police Stations in Garhwal under Traill

Administration of G. W. Traill in Garhwal and Kumaon -3

History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun and Garhwal (1815-1947) -4
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -842
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                              By: Bhishma Kukreti (History Student)
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         Initially, the army was handed over the responsibility of police administration. The soldiers were given responsibility for police administration in police stations founded in Shrinagar, Dadamandi under Kotdwara division.  There were one Mutsadi and two peons in Chaukighat and Bhoroghat (now, Gori Ghat). Dadamandi camp was under Pehskar of Kotdwara. Those employees were responsible for law and order and collecting import and export levies.  Atkinson mentions Sigaddi for Chaukighat. However, the name is Chaukighat in the letter of Traill Atkinson mentioned the names – Bilasani, Babli, Kangra and Chhobi (?) . Those ports were police camps in Gurkha administration.
 Traill (Pre Mutiny paper) wrote that there is no need of police stations in rural Garhwal as rural Garhwal was crime less territory. Therefore, British administration provided the policeauthority to Tehsildar of Shrinagar and Chandpur. The dacoits from plains used to rob in the south Garhwal. Therefore, police stations were established in Kotdwara and Dadamandi.
 The comments of Traill that rural Garhwal is crimeless are in exaggerated side. The petitioner of Garhwal was sent to Almora by the authorities if he failed for offering bribe. Therefore, people started not to complain before British government in Garhwal. The essential system of having witness was a problem for petitioner .Therefore; people were totally dependent for judiciary on Village Panchayat for judiciary.

 (Chapter Reference - English Pre Mutiny Records, Kumaon 1816, part-1, Vol. – 7, , Atkinson, page 40, Maularam
)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 5/7/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -843
*** History of British Rule/Administration over Kumaun, (Pauri , Rudraprayag, and Chamoli) Garhwal (1815-1947) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX   
References  
 1-Shiv Prasad Dabral ‘Charan’, Uttarakhand ka Itihas, Part -7 Garhwal par British -Shasan,  part -1, page 123 
2-Maularam, Badariashtak
3-Devar, English Pre Mutiny Records
4- Atkinson, Himalayan Districts vol. 3 ,
 5- English Pre Mutiny Records, Kumaon 1816, part-1, Vol. - 7
      Xx
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, Revenue system,  over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies Revenue system  over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Dehradun , Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History of British Rule, Administration, Policies, ,Revenue system  over Bageshwar  Kumaon, Uttarakhand;
History of British Rule, Administration, Policies ,Revenue system  over Haridwar, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand;