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Thursday, July 14, 2016

A Fur Ghinduri: A Long Dramatic Poem for Common Man’s Enjoyment

Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry – 48 A
-(Review of poetry collection Fur Ghindudi of Girdhari Prasad Thapliyal “Kankal“ )
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                    Literature Historian:  Bhishma Kukreti

       English Literature critic Professor Radha Ballabh Dobhal describes two basic characteristics of Garhwali poems of Girdhari Prasad Thapliyal ‘Kankal’ and editor of famous monthly Hilans late Arjun Singh Gusain supported Dobhal that the poems of ‘Kankal’ are intellectual ones but are enjoyed by common men equally. Secondly, the uniqueness of poems is that verses of Thapliyal are more enjoyable, vibrant, and provocative when the readers read them loudly as the poems-”
 She walks in beauty by Byron "The Song of the Western Men", by Robert S Hawker , “The Frog", by  " Jean Dao,  “ One Art", by Elizabeth Bishop ,,"A Small Elegy", by Jiri Orten ,  The Tyger ", by William Blake ,"Meeting at Night", by Robert Browning ," ,,"November in England", by Thomas Hood ,"Dream Variations", by L Hughes,"  “ The jackdaw of Rheims , by Thomas Ingoldsby ,"Sea Surface Full of Clouds", by Wallace Stevens ,"Silver", by Walter de la Mare ,"How to Tell a Story", by Robert Warren ,"On Westminster Bridge", by William Wordsworth , “To put one brick upon another", by Philip Larkin ,"Paul Revere's Ride", by Henry Wordsworth Longfellow ,"Adventures of Isabel", by Ogden Nash ,"Nothing but Death", by Pabolo Neruda and “ Ozymandias “ by Percy Bysshe Shelley are more enjoyable and tell their unique points when read loudly.
The long poem published in book form in 1959 but the poem had already gained popularity among all Garhwalis of Garhwal as well other places of India.. Famous Garhwali and Hindi dramatist , journalist, Lalit Mohan Thapliyal states that the reason behind the popularity of Fur Ghindudi is that the poem has story, dramatic style and lyrical form with modernity in the subject.. The story style is conventional Tota Maina ‘s love story but describing the habits and habitats, pains, sufferings, reasons of poverty, shallow prides, desires, enjoyment medium, confusing psychology of Garhwalis for and against migration, realism of rural Garhwal of fifties .
Literature historians, Garhwali readers will remember “Kankal” and his long poem Fur Ghindudi for his cleverly using of right words, figure of speeches, proverbs, correct way of indicating emotions, using raptures in natural form, using poetic excellences correctly that readers wish to read his pomes loudly without any hesitation.
The poem is narrated in conventional Tota-Maina form that is poems in dialogues between parrot love pair. This is unique style of Thapliyal of creating poetry in conventional form or style but expressing the reality of rural Garhwal. Girdhari Prasad Thapliyal ‘Kankal’ had been successful in creating various true images og Garhwal of forties and fifties. The symbols and images of the long poem are effective in creating impressions of realism in the mind of reader.
Puran Pant ‘Pathik’ the editor of weekly ‘’Garhwali Dhai’ states that the poems of ‘Kankal’ inspired the new generation Garhwalis for creating verses in Garhwali language than in Hindi.
No doubt, the long poem Fur Ghindudi is created in fifties but the content is still relevant and its lyrical form, dramatic narrating style is capable of attracting new generation readers.
'फुर घिंडुड़ी आजा : पधानु का छाजा'
कवि : गिरधारी लाल थपलियाल 'कंकाल
प्यार की त छुईं इनि कुछ नि लांदो मोल
घिंड्वा घिन्डुड़ी मा ब्वल्द औ बणौला घोल। 
फुर घिंडुड़ी आजा !
पधानु का छाजा !!
चाड़ नी जु छ्वीं लगऊँ ,
केकु तेरा नेडु अऊँ ,
इन्ना समझि तन्नी छऊं ,
कुछ नि तेरो काs 
पधानु का छाजा !!
तन्नी छै तु कैन बोलि
अपड़ा मनै बात खोलि,
मिन ता सोचि थकीं होलि
इच्छि थौ ता खा जा !
पधान का छाजा !!
जाण कनै कैकि रीत ,
मर्दु कि क्या च प्रतीत ,
दुन्या झट म्यसौन्द गीत,
अपड़ा अपड़ा बाठा जा जा !
पधान का छाजा !!
इति हस्यार तू चलाक ,
तड़तड़ी छ कुंगळि नाक
संगुळि सी लटकीं बुलाक,
भलि दिंदौ बिराजा
पधान का छाजा !!
xx xxx
छाल ल्हैलो साड़ी ल्हौ लो
त्वेको मी गौणा बणौलो
अब कबी नि दिल दुखौलो
राणि तू मि राजा !
पधान का छाजा !!

Fur Ghindudi
By Girdhari Prasad Thapliyal ‘Kankal’
Year of publication :1959
Published by Kalyan Singh Rawat , Delhi.
Copy Right @ Bhishma Kukreti , Mumbai, India

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Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, 2016
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