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Friday, July 1, 2016

Dr Purushottam Dobhal: A Garhwali (Asian) Playwright and Poet

Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry – 35

                    Literature Historian:  Bhishma Kukreti
          Dr Purushottam Dobhal was expert in writing in Garhwali, Sanskrit, English and Hindi. In Garhwali, he is famous for writing dramas of social concern. Dobhal was educationist, a social activist and also work for opening many schools.
            Dr Purushottam Dobhal was born in 1920, in a Himalayan village Musmola of Tihri Garhwal. He passed Acharya degree in distinction that is with gold medalist. He served in many colleges. He was Ph D in Sanskrit language
              Purushottam Dobhal won the first prize in World Sanskrit Short Story Competition in 1953-54. In Sanskrit, he wrote dramas and published three books of drama and collection of dramas.

         He contributed a lot for many English magazines.
        Dobhal wrote dramas in Hindi and short stories in this language too.
   Dr Purushottam Dobhal contributed in Garhwali poetry world too His first and famous Garhwali poetry ‘Na Itha yad Ava’ was published in a Garhwali poetry collection ‘Hinsar’ in 1955.  His another poem a symbolic or Chhayavadi poem ‘ Dhunyaro yo Utho’ was appreciated by critics.  Garhwali literature critic Dr Dhoundiyal states the said poem as timeless poem (Kaljayi).
   Dobhal created very sensitive and nature illustrating poem having Love Rapture in the centre.
 His language is mixed with Tehri dialects and Sanskritized Garhwali words.  
      न इथगा याद तुम आवा 
रचना --डा पुरुषोत्तम डोभाल (1920 -2001 , बड्यार गढ़ टि  . ग . )  

 खिल्यां छन फूल बणु बणु मा रम्याळी बार छाँईं छ 
सुनेरी फ्यूंळि  हंसणी छ उमैलो बगत आयूं छ 
रमैला पौथलुं बासणा छन म्यरा ज्यूका पास आवा 
न इथगा याद तुम आवा। 
तुम्हारो धार को गैणो तुम्हारी अपूणि सी काया 
खड़ी छ घाम मा दोफराs , जरा हेरा इथैं क्वांसा 
बुरांसफूलि गिन गैल्या अंयारकलबलायूँ छ 
जुन्याळी रात मा आवा। 
खुली पाख्युं -सि ज्वान्नी छ बिखा की ओंस बगणी छ 
उडारु का भितर प्राण खुद्युं छ कबलाणु छ 
तिसळो  जीव सा दिल यो उणासी घाम मा ब्याकुल 
उड़ा पोथली बणी आवा। 
यु पगला प्राण पिलसेणू अँध्यारो घोर छायूं छ 
अमासा की रात सा जीवन दिवा की बाति  सा प्राणs 
 शरत की ईं जुन्याळी मा ऋतु बौड़िक आईं छ ,
उलारs  रूप ली आवा। 
मधुर सी स्वाणि मुखड़ी मा बुरांसी आज फूलीं छ 
सरग का गैणा आयाँ छन रम्याळा दान्तु चौक मा 
बसंती रूप लीकया,  सरग की ज्वान्नि उतरे अब 
दिसौं मा आज तुम छावा। 

                 Dr Purushottam Dobhal wrote many plays in Garhwali language too. 
His dramas Bindra Kuansa, Burans, Kantha Mankai Jone, Tillu Rautelee , Kalpana, Suber and Fajitu in Garhwali language are famous plays . These plays were staged many times at different cities. Dobhal also delivered many radio-plays in Garhwali from Akashvani 
       The subject of plays of Purushottam Dobhal are mainly related to social and contemporary issues. 
The Tillu Rauteli play is based on famous folklores of Garhwal, Himalayas. 
        His dialogues in Garhwali plays are simple but are influenced by Sanskrit but Sanskritized Garhwali dialogues do not become hurdle but support the characterization in the plays. Twist in the tale , dramatic language and  reality make his play attractive to the audience.
                Dr Purushottam Dobhal expired in 2003 in Dehradun, Himalaya. 
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, 2016
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