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Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Chhabees January: An Example of Modern Garhwali poem of Realism


Chhabees January: An Example of Modern Garhwali Poem of Realism
  (Realism in Garhwali Literature, Realism in Literature of Uttarakhand, Realism in Himalayan Literature)
                                    Bhishm Kukreti
   Before seventies, Jaya Nand Khuksal ‘ Baulya’ ,Kanhyaa lal Dandriyal and Lalit Keshwan came in  modern Garhwali poetry  scene, the poets used to create poetries of Mastergiri (teaching or inspirational ones) . Jayanand Khuksal ‘ Baulya’ is one of the famous poet bringing realism in the Garhwali poetry.
  Those who are of my generation would knew that in past Garhwalis of Garhwal were very  eager to watch the twenty sixth shows in Delhi and Garhwalis used to visit Delhi for watching the parade of republic day show in the capital.
           Jaya Nand Khuksal depicted a very sensitive poem about republic day celebrated in Delhi.
छब्बीस जनवरी

कवि : स्वजया नन्द खुकसाल 'बौळया '

ब्याळि भटे में सणि कीरकर्याट हुयुं चा
उनि ड्यूटी राति की  , मुंडारो उठ्युं चा
ब्वेइ , बाबा चची चचा पैलि भटेक छाया
ससुर्वस्यूं की फ़ौज फटाक , ब्याळी फजल आया
xx xx
ड्यूटी अपणि पूरी कौरक्वाटर मा अऊँ
घिमसाण देखि कैकीअकचकेई ग्यऊँ
सेवा सौंळी रामारुमी , सबू दगड़ी काया
सरसरी मिल दगड्यों अंगेठी जगाया
xx चा को पानी चुलुम धैरीचिन्नी खुणि गायो
चिन्नी पूरी चा मंगा कु , फिर भी नि ह्वैइ
खिरबोझौ सी पाणी दिदों , उनि साबुन पेई
xx xx
टीन उठाई आटा खुणे , उधारा कु गौऊँ
देखि दुकान बन्द तब , मी खौंल़ेइ ग्यऊँ
दस रूप्या कर्ज गादी , कै मंगे  लाइ
दिन दुयाक खर्च पाणी , तब जैकी चलाई
xx xx
हैंक दिन रेड़ा वळा जण दुयेक आया
बैठी सभी लोक तब इंडिया गेट गाया
झांकी मानकी देखी कैकी , ज़रा भैर आया
धक्का मुक्की होण बैठी , स्याळी रिबिडि गाया
xx xx
ससुरा जी  बबडाट , बुबा जी को घ्याळ
सासू जी की पूछा  तुम फोड़ी दे कपाळ
सबि सुई -सुई मीकु , म्यरु कुई नी चा
चल्यूं स्याळी ख्व्जणा कु गुरदुळा  बीचा
xx xxx
पुलिसा  डंडा तब जगा जगा मा खाया
रिबडि रिबडि कैकी तब स्याळी मीली ग्याया
सद्यनी द्याख जनवरी , इन कबि नी बीती
देश को छै आजादीमैकू ह्व़े कमबख्ती

Copyright: Poet

   Jaya Nand Khuksal had been successful in presenting a real and acute life cycle of a poor (mill worker?) of that time without any comments as poet. The poem represents direct, unmediated experience of a person; the poem is away from artifice, visionary or theatrical devices of conventional poetries of older Garhwali verses.
      ‘Chabbes January’is one of the realistic modern Garhwali poems which, emphasizes experiences and deals with focusing social issue of Khuksal’s young age.
   ‘Chhabees January’ a modern Garhwali (as per B.P Nautiyal- written around 1950-1960) poem and has same status in realistic poems as ‘The Miller’s Tale’ by Chaucer, ‘My Mistress’s Eyes’ by Shakespeare, ‘A Description of the Morning’ by Swift, ‘Peter Grimes’ by Crabbe, ‘Prophyria’s Lover ‘ by Browning , ‘ Danny Deaver’ by Kipling, for its depicting the contemporary life of a migrated Garhwali who had to balance between the rough life in Delhi city and looking after families in Garhwal too.
  If French language is proud of realism in the novels of Stendhal, sand and Balzac for initiating and accelerating realism in French literature, Garhwalis will always remember Jaya Nand Khuksal ‘Baulya’ for bring realistic poetries as against conventional ones
Copyright @ Bhishm Kukreti .