History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -68
History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -313
By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
Views of Uniyal
Uniyal history (from Wikipedia) states that two cousin brothers Jaya Nand Ojha and Vijay Nand Jha came to Garhwal in 839 AD from Mithla state. Garhwal King Kanakpal offered them a Jagir in Uni and Jha became Uniyal.
The above statement is totally based on Raturi’s book.
Views of Nautiyals
The history of Garhwal up to 1500 AD is based on folklore or Raturi’s description. When this author started to find out more about Uniyal, Bahuguna, Nautiyal or Dimri from the learned persons of most these caste persons started telling me the theory of Raturi. That means people are least interested to find out their own history (Jatiya Itihas).
However, Colonel B.K. Nautiyal tried to pen down the history of Nautiyal caste. As per B.K.Nautiyal, when Kanakpal became de-facto King of Garhwal in 888AD, he brought in a member ‘Raj-Purohit ‘or court priest family from Dhara-Nagari (Malwa near border of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh) and installed them as Raj Purohit.
However, B.K Nautiyal did not provide any historical or caste folklore to support the above history accounts (mostly written by Raturi). Neither the Nautiyal history offers any new theory about Kanakpal or other King.
Views of Dobhals
Dobhal family tree (Dobhal Vanshavali) states that when Dobhal settled in Garhwal in 887 and Kanakpal was Garhwal King. This stamen is also taken from Raturi.
Dobhal family tree states that Dobhal had been minister in Garhwal Kingdom court from 887 till 1805.
Views of Bahugunas
There are many theories about the original place of from where Bahuguna came to Garhwal. However, Bahuguna Vanshavali also refers Kanakpal as Garhwal King who provided shelter to Achyutananad Bahuguna the first Bahuguna person who settled in Garhwal (823AD?).
*Read more about Founding Kings of Shrinagar Garhwal Kingdom in the next chapter.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, firstname.lastname@example.org/4//2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -314
1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal; SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal; Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal; South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal; Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal; Medieval History of Haridwar ; South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar; South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ; South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued