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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, April 14, 2014

History Review about Existence of Kanakpal as Founding Garhwal King

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -71     
                                            
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -316 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

    Raturi provides three proofs for Kanakpal as Garhwal King-
1-The so called rock inscription of Chandpur describes that Kanakpal reached to Cahndpur in 888.
2-Three sholkas those describe that Badrinath deity ordered to Bhanupratap to take Kanakpal to Badrinath with him from Haridwar.
3- Folklore that Kanakpla was younger brother of Dhara King.
       Till date, no Chandpur inscription is published.
       The Sholka states Gurjjratat for Gujrat. While in old Sanskrit literature, Gurjar and Gurrjaratra are mentioned for Gujrat and not Gurjjratat. That means that Shloka is created very later around nineteenth century from Hindi word.
   A Court Poet Bharat of Manshah a Garhwali King who wrote Manodaya Kavya did not mention Bhogdatt, Bhuvanpal or Kanakpal.
 The Garhwal Kingdom Vanshavali in Ramayan Pradip (1771) starts from Ajaypal as in Manodaya Kavya.
Hardwick list also starts from Ajaypal after anonymous Kings.
Maularam List mentions Bhuwanpal as founding King of Garhwal. Williuam describes Ajaypal as founding King.
 Therefore, it might be said that no proof is available for Kanakpal as Founding Garhwal King.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com13/4//2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -317 
                                                              
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History Review about Existence of Kanakpal as Founding Garhwal King; History Review about Existence of Kanakpal as Founding Pauri Garhwal King; History Review about Existence of Kanakpal as Founding Chamoli Garhwal King; History Review about Existence of Kanakpal as Founding Rudraprayag Garhwal King; History Review about Existence of Kanakpal as Founding Tehri Garhwal King; History Review about Existence of Kanakpal as Founding Uttarkashi Garhwal King; History Review about Existence of Kanakpal as Founding Dehradun Garhwal King; History Review about Existence of Kanakpal as Founding Haridwar Garhwal King;