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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, April 3, 2014

History aspects of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Garhwal

History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -307 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                            Heirs of Vatsraj

         King Vatsraj or Bahruj fought with Timur in South Garhwal in 1399. No records and folklore are available about Vatsraj or Bahruj.  There is no evidence about his last heir who ruled Garhwal or South Garhwal.
          The Devprayag inscription (1455) mentions a name Jagtipal  Rajwar
श्री संवत १५१२ शाके १३७७ चैत्र मासे शुक्ल पक्षे तिथौ रविवासरे जगतीपालरजवार ले शंकर भारतीकृष्ण भट्ट  को रामचंद्र भट्ट की सर्व भूमि जामनीकीती
  According to Garh-Raj Vanshavali, Jagatipal was three generations before King Ajaypal (around1500). The three kings ruled on Garhwal from Jagatipal to Vatsraj for 45 years.
 Most probably, Shridhar ruled after Vatsraj as the name of Shridhar is with Vatsraj in Gopeshwar inscription.
  There is no evidence that Jagatipal had relation with Vatsraj. If Jagatipal did not belong to Vatsraj then question arises about family tree of Jagatipal.

                Many Theories on Arise of Panwar or Garhwal Kingdom



              There many theories on emergence of Garhwal kingdom ruled by Panwar dynasty kings the heirs of Jagatpal or Jagatipal. Panwar or Shah Kings ruled Garhwal till 1804 and then rule Tehri from 1804 till 1947. There is no mention of Panwar caste that those Shah kings were Panwar.
         Relationship of Bahruj with Shah or Garhwal Kings
 The biography of Timur mentions Bahruj in Persian. That name suggests that the ral name of King Bahruj was Brahmadatt. Hardwick mentions the founder of Garhwal Kingdom or Shah Kingdom as Bhogdatt. Bhogdatt and Brahmadatt has some similarity. This theory suggests that Brahmdatt was founder of Garhwal Kingdom and Bahruj was after twenty five years of Brahmadatt. However, no evidence is there that the predecessor of Bahruj was founder of Garhwal Kingdom.  



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com3/4//2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -308 

                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on  South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
X x
History of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Garhwal; History of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Pauri Garhwal; History of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Chamoli Garhwal; History of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Rudraprayag Garhwal; History of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Tehri Garhwal; History of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Uttarkashi Garhwal; History of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Dehradun Garhwal; History of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Bhabhar Garhwal; History of Origin of Panwar Dynasty Rule in Haridwar Garhwal;