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Monday, April 14, 2014

Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Bhaunapal: A History Review

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -66     
                                            
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -311 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
        According to another folklore about Founding Kings of Garhwal that was mentioned by Maularam in Gadhrajvanshkavya, Bhaunapal (Bhawanpal) was Founding King of Garhwal.
         Once, a farmer came to Haridwar from Dharanagari. From Haridwar, he reached to Gadhwar (Garhwal) and started farming there in a village. Bhauna was his son.
   Once, there was famine. Bhauna met Satnath Jogi in the forest. Satnath did not get food for many days. Satnath asked for food from Bhauna. Bhauna offered two Roti (bread) to Satnath. However, two bread could not satisfy the hunger of Satnath. Satnath asked more bread. Bhauna took Jogi to his house. Mother of Bhauna offered him fifty two numbers of bread but Satnath was not satisfied. Mother of Bhauna told that her store is now empty.
        Satnath filled the store with grains. Satnath blessed that Bhauna or Bhawanpal would be King and his fifty two generations would rule with peace.
 Bhawanpal reorganized fifty two Garhis and started ruling Garhwal. First time, around last decade of eighteenth century, anybody mentioned the founder member of Garhwal Kingdom as Panwar clan. There is no mention in folklore that the farmer who came from Dharanagari had any relation with Dharanagari King. There is no mention about whose Kingdom, Bhawanpal captured.



Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com7/4//2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -312 
                                                              
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
Xx
Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Bhaunapal: A History Review of Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Bhaunapal: A History Review of Haridwar Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Bhaunapal: A History Review of Dehradun Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Bhaunapal: A History Review of Pauri Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Bhaunapal: A History Review of Chamoli Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Bhaunapal: A History Review of Uttarkashi Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Bhaunapal: A History Review of Tehri Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Bhaunapal: A History Review of Rudraprayag Garhwal;