उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका की गतिविधियाँ ई-मेल पर

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, April 24, 2014

गढ़वाली लोक नाटकों men धनतारा वाद्य यंत्र

Dhantara: A Folk Musical Instrument of Garhwal Folk Dramas

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -142  
                  गढ़वाली लोक नाटकों के वाद्य यंत्र
                             
                     Bhishma Kukreti (लोक साहित्य शोधार्थी)

                  Chordophone Musical Instruments of Garhwali Folk Dramas

                  गढ़वाली लोक नाटकों men धनतारा वाद्य यंत्र

              Dhantara is the folk music instrument of Gaddi tribe. Gaddi are grazers or pastoralists.  Gaddi are original people of Himachal-Kangda. Gaddi tribes live near Hari ki Doon, Sukhi and Gangi villages of Uttarkashi.
Garhwalis do use Dhantara very rarely or could be said that Garhwalis of Garhwal don’t use Dhantara at all. However, Gaddi of Garhwal use Dhantara in folk music.
Dhantara is a primitive and indigenous music instrument of Gaddi. Dhantara is like Sarangi and is chordophonic musical instrument. Dhantara hais smaller than Sarangi in size and has only three strings for basic notes.
The Musada singers and Ainchhali Singers use Dhantara for accompaniment. The instrument is made as Sarangi. The folk musical instrument Dhantara does not have any complicated fixing of Tarabs. The bow is also made as the bow of Sarangi. Goat intestine is used in making strings of Dhantara. Singers usually decorate Dhantara by flowers on it.

 Gaddi Natarambh Dance-Song
              गद्दी नटारम्भ नृत्य गीत  झलकी**

ता बुड्डू जो ना देणो चाचुआ देणी  चाचुआ
सजरे चूंडे रांड भूचगा हली हो .
चा चाकर जो ना देणो चाचुआ देणी  चाचुआ
हाक पांदे उठि गहँदे हो
ता दूर 
ना देणो चाचुआ देणी  चाचुआ
गोरु चुगांदे जो देणी हो
ता रोगी जो ना देणो चाचुआ देणी  चाचुआ
सजरे चूंडे रांड भूचगा हली हो .
भेड़ा चुगांदे जो देणो चाचुआ देणी  चाचुआ
खोखा भरी देला मांस हो
भेड़ा दे पहल जो देणो चाचुआ देणी  चाचुआ
पिट्ठी जो देला चोलु हो

*** Kangada Gazetteer, Appendix-1 pages 14-15  

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 23/4/2014

Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
                 References
1-Bharat Natyashastra
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali Lok Swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
13-Manorama Sharma, Tribal Melodies of Himachal Pradesh: Gaddi Folk Music

 Dhantara: A Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays;  Dhantara: A Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Dhantara: A Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Dhantara: A Folk Musical Instrument  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Dhantara: A Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Dhantara: A Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia;  Dhantara: A Folk Musical Instrument  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Dhantara: A Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia.
गढवाली लोक नाटकों में धनतारा वाद्य यंत्र ,  टिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवालीलोक नाटकों में  धनतारा वाद्य यंत्र;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोकनाटकों में धनतारा वाद्य यंत्रहरिद्वार गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकोंमें धनतारा वाद्य यंत्र   ;देहरादून गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों मेंधनतारा वाद्य यंत्र ;पौड़ी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में धनतारावाद्य यंत्र;चमोली गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में ; रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वालके गढवाली लोक नाटकों में धनतारा वाद्य यंत्र ;