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Monday, April 14, 2014

Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Analysis

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -67     
                                            
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -312 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

            According to Bhogdatta and Bhanupal folklores, Bhogdatta came to Garhwal from Gujarat and Bhanupal came to Garhwal from Dharanagari.
            A new folklore emerged after forty fifty years Maularam’s writing (1849). According to that new folklore, King Kanakpal of Garhwal was from Gujarat and expired in 699. His seventeenth generation King was Anantpal whose capital was in Maluwakot, the twenty first generations King Vikrampal had capital in Ambulakot and twenty fourth generation King was Sonpal who had capital in Bhilang valley.

                                         King Sonpal

            According to newer folklore of 1849, Sonpal was a strong King. His rule was on whole of western part of Garhwal. Many Khas chieftains came under his rule. The road towards Gangotri was under the rule of Sonpal. A Portion of present Chandpur was also under Sonpal.  
 A person came to Garhwal from Panwar King Family of Dharanagar for pilgrim purpose. He met to Sonpal. Sonpal married his daughter with Panwar. Sonpal presented his son in law Panwar the territory of present Chandpur as gift.

                                               King   Kandilpal

 According to Atkinson, the name of Panwar prince who was married to Sonapal’s daughter was Kandilpal.  His name is just after Sonpal in the list made by Becket. Kandilpal did not expand his ruling territory.

*Read more about Founding Kings of Shrinagar Garhwal Kingdom in the next chapter.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com8/4//2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -313 
                                                              
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
Xx
Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Uttarkashi Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Tehri Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Dehradun Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Chamoli Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Rudraprayag Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Pauri Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Haridwar Garhwal; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Saharanpur (Old Garhwal) ; Folklore about Founding King of Garhwal Kanakpal: A History Review of Bijnor (Old Garhwal);