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Wednesday, April 30, 2014

Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument used in Garhwal Folk Dramas

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -146
                  गढ़वाली लोक नाटकों के वाद्य यंत्र
                             
                     Bhishma Kukreti (लोक साहित्य शोधार्थी)
Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument used in Garhwal Folk Dramas  

       There are other names of Ransingha (Ran-Singha) as Turri, Turhi,Bugudu, Narsingha,Ran- Sangh,  in different regions of India. Ransingha (Ran-Singha) has its origin in battlefield. It is believed that when deities won the battle over demons the Ransingha was played for winning celebration.Ransingha is sign of victory and is played in folk rituals and folk song programs, folk dramas etc. The player blow Ransingha by m mouth from lower end of the instrument which is narrow by holding it in the air. The music instrument is S shaped and is made by brass, copper or in old time by silver by Kingdom court. The length of S shaped Ransingha is 108 centimeter and the diameter of its mouth is 14 cm. The brass curves might be four or five for strengthening to Ransingha. Ransingha has two parts and one part fit into other (for carrying from one place to other place) making it folding instrument.
                   Ransingha produce s all seven Swaras or notes chromatically.  


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 28/4/2014

Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
                 References
1-Bharat Natyashastra
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali Lok Swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
13-Manorama Sharma, Tribal Melodies of Himachal Pradesh: Gaddi Folk Music
 XX
Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia;  Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia;  Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia;  Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Ransingha an Aero Phonic Folk Musical Instrument used in Garhwal Folk Dramas in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia