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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

Classification of Musical Instruments of Garhwali Folk Dramas

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -139 
                             
                     Bhishma Kukreti (लोक साहित्य शोधार्थी)

   There are various musical instruments used in Garhwali folk dramas.
 The folk musical instruments of Garhwal are divided by many ways as -
1-Swara Vadya or Tone related musical instruments- These instruments create Swaras or tones.
2-Tal Vadya or Rhythm making musical Instruments
 Garhwali Folk musical instruments could be divided as per the materials used for making musical instruments as-
Leather
Copper or metal
Wood
Strings
Compound
 The old age way of classification classifies  musical instruments of Garhwali folk dramas into four groups-
 1-Chordo –Phonic Musical Instruments
2-Aero-phonic Musical Instruments
3-Idio-Phonic Musical Instruments
4-Membreno-Phonic Musical Instruments
Usually, these instruments were made by local coppersmiths barring Dhol etc .


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 19/4/2014

Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
                 References
1-Bharat Natyashastra
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali Lok Swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
13-Manorama Sharma, Tribal Melodies of Himachal Pradesh: Gaddi Folk Music
 XX
Classification of   Musical Instruments used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Classification of   Musical Instruments used    in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia;Classification of   Musical Instruments used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia;  Classification of   Musical Instruments used in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Classification of   Musical Instruments used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Classification of   Musical Instruments used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia;    Classification of   Musical Instruments used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia;Classification of   Musical Instruments used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia
गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वाद्य यंत्र ,  टिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोकनाटकों में  वाद्य यंत्र ;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वाद्य यंत्रहरिद्वार गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वाद्य यंत्र  ;देहरादून गढ़वालके गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वाद्य यंत्र;पौड़ी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोकनाटकों में  वाद्य यंत्र;चमोली गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वाद्य यंत्र;रुद्रप्रयाग गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  वाद्य यंत्र ;