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Wednesday, January 8, 2014

Malopama Alankar or Imperfect Simile Figure of Speech in Garhwali Folk Dramas

गढवाली लोक नाटकों / लोक  नृत्य -गीतों में  मालोपमा अलंकार

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -74  

                                    Bhishma Kukreti

                    When a conjunction expresses comparison or when there is common attributed being omitted in the dialogue sentence, line or poetic verse the figure of speech is called imperfect simile or Luptopma Alankar. When the description attributes are lacking it is called imperfect simile by omitting description or Malopama Alankar.
 Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal provides the following example of Imperfect Simile Figure of Speech in Garhwali Folk Dramas-

गढ़वाली  लोक नृत्य-गीतों  , लोक नाटक में  मालोपमा अलंकार   का उदाहरण 

कांठा की जुन्याळी छुमा उजाळा की मूठ


(*Reference- Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal)

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 8/1/2014

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter.

                 References
1-Bharat Natyashastra
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali lok Swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
 Xx
Malopama/malopma Alankar or Imperfect Simile Figure of Speeches  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Malopama/malopma Alankar or Imperfect Simile Figure of Speeches     in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Malopama/malopma Alankar or Imperfect Simile Figure of Speeches   in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Malopama/malopma Alankar or Imperfect Simile Figure of Speeches   in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia;Malopama/malopma Alankar or Imperfect Simile Figure of Speeches   in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Malopama/malopma Alankar or Imperfect Simile Figure of Speeches  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Malopama/malopma Alankar or Imperfect Simile Figure of Speeches  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia;Malopama/malopma Alankar or Imperfect Simile Figure of Speeches  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia;
गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  मालोपमा अलंकार,  टिहरी गढ़वाल के गढवालीलोक नाटकों में  मालोपमा अलंकार ;उत्तरकाशी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोकनाटकों में  मालोपमा अलंकारहरिद्वार गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकोंमें मालोपमा अलंकार ;देहरादून गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में मालोपमाअलंकार ;पौड़ी गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  मालोपमा अलंकार;चमोली गढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में  मालोपमा अलंकाररुद्रप्रयागगढ़वाल के गढवाली लोक नाटकों में   मालोपमा अलंकार ;