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Monday, January 20, 2014

History of Gadh / Garhi of East Border touching Kumaon and Eastern and Western Plateaus of Garhwal

History of Garhwal (1223- 1804 AD) –part -3

 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -248

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

           No doubt before 1223 there was rule of Katyuri or Chall families on Garhwal but regional chieftains or Gadhpati /Garhpati of Gadh or Garhs were real rulers.

         Regional Chieftains (Garhpati) of Eastern Border of Garhwal

   The historians have records of eleven Gadhi or Garhi of east border of Garhwal from thirteen century-in Malla Salan, Badhan and Chandpur Pargana.
             Baijnath, Katyur, Dwarhat, and Baramandal Gadhi were in Kumaon at this period. There were attacks and counter attacks from each side of Kumaon and Garhwal.
         Dilbar Singh and Pramod Singh had been brave and famous Gadhpati of Lohava  Garh.
               Chaudal of Chaud Garh, Topal of Top Garh and Chahman of Chandpur Garh had been very powerful chieftains of their Garh.

                   Garhpati or Regional Chieftains of Eastern Plateau of Garhwal

 There were main nine Garhi of Devalgarh, Barahsyun and Chaundkot in east plateau of Garhwal. There are folklores about Gadh of Devalgarh but we lost folklores about Gadhpati of Barahsyun and Chaundkot.  It is said that Deval from Kangada established Deval Gadhi.
 When Garhwal King Ajayapal had to flee from Chandpur Garhi and established capital in Devalgarh. Later on Garhwal King shifted from Devalgarh to Shrinagar.

                      Gadhpati of Western Plateau of Garhwal

                  Big part of west plateau was covered by forest. There are records of six Gadhis as Udyapur, Kirtinagar, Chandrabadani, Chilla, Pratapnagar, Bhardar and Bhilang region of Garhwal.
         Ghirvan Khas rulers were rulers of Bangargadh.
Kaffu Chauhan was ruler of Uppu Garh. Ajaypal defeated kaffu Chauhan. Sonpla was ruler of Bhilang plateau.

                    Chieftains of Western border of Garhwal
 Western border of Garhwal was touching Himachal Pradesh. Records and folklores are lost about Gadhpati of Western border of Garhwal touching Himachal.
 Bhup Singh was last ruler of Jaunpur Garh.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com18/1/2014
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola , Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas  

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -249  

History of Gadh / Garhi of East Border touching Kumaon and Eastern and Western Plateaus of Garhwal; History of Gadh / Garhi of Western Plateaus of Garhwal, Jaunpurgadh; Garhwal; History of Gadh / Garhi of Western Plateaus of Garhwal, Ravai; History of Gadh / Garhi of Western Plateaus of Mahasu Garhwal; History of Gadh / Garhi of Western Plateaus of Udaypur Garhwal; History of Gadh / Garhi of Western Plateaus of  Bhilangana valley Garhwal; History of Gadh / Garhi of  Western Plateaus of  Bhardar, Pratapnagar , Chilla Garhwal; History of Gadh / Garhi of  East border  Garhwal, Malla Salan, Badhan and Chandpur Pargana; History of Gadh / Garhi of  East Plateau Garhwal, Devalgarh, Barahsyun and Chaundkot…