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Tuesday, January 21, 2014

Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Garhwal Early Medieval Period

History of Garhwal (1223- 1804 AD) –part -5

 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -250

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                   Studying the geographical positions of Garh or Garhis it is concluded that Katyuri and Katyuri family relatives (Tajnakon-Ranoton) were the founders of Garh/Garhi in Garhwal and Haridwar. It might be that in Haridwar and some parts of Bhabhar, successors of Kulinda or army commanders of post Gupta periods might be founder of forts or Garhi.

                      It is presumed that at least till twelfth century, the Katyuris were rulers of Garh or Garhs in Garhwal including Haridwar. However, the commanders of Katyuris, commanders of Challa kings captured the Garhi founded by Katyuri family members. There were new comers Rajput army men who also captured Garhis from Katyuri commanders. When Ajyapal captured fifty two Garhis in sixteenth century there were no Katyuri family rulers of Garhis but were  Khadkhola Negi, Kulsad Negi, Mandarwal, Mulani Bisht,Rajwar, rautela, Ringwad Rawat and a couple of Kaintura.
 The administrative posts in Challa period were Rawat, Negi, Bisht and Bhandari and continued in Garhi period too. They captured Garhi after Challa kingdom.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com18/1/2014
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History

(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -251  

Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Haridwar, Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Dehradun Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Jaunsar Bhabhar, Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Uttarkashi Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Tehri Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Rudraprayag Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Chamoli Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Lansdowne Tehsil  Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Salan Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Pauri Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Bhilangana Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Tons-Yamuna valley Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Neeti-Mana region Garhwal Early Medieval Period; Asian History of Founders of Garh/ Garhis of Pauri Garhwal Early Medieval Period;