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Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Trade with Tibet and Other Trades in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -23 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -212     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -460 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                     Trade with Tibet

   At older time, the border traders from Taknaur, Nagpur, Painkhanda, Dashuali, Badhan regions used to have trade with Tibet, China. In later stage, the Bhotiya of Mana and Neeti grew relation with Tibetian Traders. Bhotia , Maracha, Tolcha,  or Jad got monopoly over trade with Tibet.
   Bhotiya used to sell grains to Tibet traders and in barter system they used to get Tibet or Lancha salt, Boxite, Chanvar, Wool, Woolen dresses, medicines and medical herbs, spices gold dust etc. Bhotiya used to visit Tibet in summer till mid October or October end. Those traders used to take  the Tibet goods up to Bijnor and Haridwar.
                    Trade in Chattis
 There were Chattis at Ganga and Yamuna bank. Chattis means place to short stay or Dharamshala. When Pilgrims used to visit Badrinath and Gangotri etc, villagers nearby Chatti used to sell food articles and other articles to pilgrims.
                              Dhkar
   Dhakar means to go to Mandi or Mnadi for buying materials. In groups, Garhwalis used to take agro products, forest produces, ropes, woolen goods etc to Khohdwar (Kotdwara), Dugdda, Nazibabad, Rishikesh, Kankhal, Chaukighat, Laldhang, Ramnagar. Through barter system , they used to get Gud, Sugar, cotton, salt or the  material that was not available in Garhwal.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com18/10/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -461
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty ,  to be continued
XX
Trade with Tibet and Other Trades in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Garhwal History; Trade with Tibet and Other Trades in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Chamoli Garhwal History; Trade with Tibet and Other Trades in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Pauri Garhwal History; Trade with Tibet and Other Trades in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Haridwar Garhwal History; Trade with Tibet and Other Trades in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Dehradun Garhwal History; Trade with Tibet and Other Trades in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Uttarkashi Garhwal History; Trade with Tibet and Other Trades in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Tehri Garhwal History; Trade with Tibet and Other Trades in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Rudraprayag Garhwal History;