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Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -25 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -214     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -462 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                              Income Source of State
           Garhwal Kings used to get state income from various taxes. These taxes were –
Revenue taxes from people
Mines contracting
Forest Contracting
Export Duties  
Import Levies
Monitory Punishment to Criminals
Death of Childless person
Gifts
The details of various taxes are already mentioned in earlier  chapters.
   Captain Hardwick mentions that the state annual income was for rupees Five lakhs and six thousand (Rs four lakhs five thousand in Farrukhavadi rate).
  Common people were poor and in very bad condition.




Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com21/10/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -463
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
XX
Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era; Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era in context Tehri Garhwal History; Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era in context Rudraprayag Garhwal History; Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era in context Chamoli Garhwal History; Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era in context Pauri Garhwal History; Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era in context Bijnor , Old Garhwal History; Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era in context Haridwar Garhwal History; Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era in context Dehradun Garhwal History; Garhwal through Economic Perspective in Pal /Shah Era in context Uttarkashi Garhwal History;