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Monday, October 27, 2014

Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -26 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -215     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -463 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                                   Solders
    Initial period of Pal dynasty, Garhwal kings appointed solders locally – Lohaba, Badhan and Salan. Those solders were called Lobhi Solders, Badhani Solders and Salani solders. On later period, Garhwal Kings started appointing solders from outside too. The migrated Hindus also got place in the Garhwal Kingdom Army. Kings also appointed Muslim (Rohilla solders) to strengthen the defense. In the Mahipat Shah period, there were soldiers from Delhi (Dilwali); Diswali (Muslims from Plains) and Himachal Pradesh.
        There was a commander called Tunwar in Medanishah army who captured Butaulgarh. Garhwal Kings of later era used to appoint soldiers from Kangda, Himachal Pradesh too. Maedni Shah also helped Himachal Kings to fight with Guru Govind Singh. There were Faujdar and Senanayk from Himachal in the army of Pradip Shah.
                   Appointment Procedure for Solders  

          As Mughal Emperors, Garhwal King did not appoint solders directly. Faujdar and Goldar used to appoint the solders. There is no record the timing of such procedure of appointing solders by Faujdar and Goldar and not directly by the Kingdom.
  Garhwal King used to offer Jagir (Land) to Faujdar and Goldar for paying salaries to the solders.
 Goldar or Faujdar used to appoint their devotees from their own regions and from their own castes. There was no particular scientific procedure for selecting solders by Faujdar or Goldar. The main criteria for appointing solder were the person should have strong built and desire for using arrow, bow, spears etc.
   Faujdar did not care much for training and  exercises   for his solders.
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com23/10/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -464
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
XX
Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era; Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era in context Rudraprayag Garhwal History; Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era in context Tehri Garhwal History; Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era in context Uttarkashi Garhwal History; Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era in context Dehradun Garhwal History; Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era in context Haridwar Garhwal History; Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era in context Bijnor, old Garhwal History; Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era in context Pauri Garhwal History; Defense or Army Administration in Garhwal in Pal/Shah Era in context Chamoli Garhwal History;