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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, October 30, 2014

Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom

Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period -2
Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -31 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -220     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -468 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

            Initially till thirteen century, in Tibet, the political situation was same as of Garhwal. There were tens of Chieftains (Garhpati) who were ruling tinny area. Daba Gadhi was behind Janskar Hills adjacent North  to Garhwal.
   Till Garhwal Kingdom was not established by Pal Kings and there were Garhpati in Garhwal, the chieftains and looters from Tibet used to attack on Bhotantik regions (Neeti to Mana) of Garhwal. Those looters and chieftains used to loot grains, animals and women from Garhwal. There is no authentic records of Tibet capturing, ruling north regions of Garhwal but still today, China had opposite perception about bordering line.
                In Manshah time, Jeetu Bagdwal was regional commander /officer of Neeti valley and people worship Jeetu Bagdwal as Bhad Gramdevta (village deity).
     The letter of Father Andrede states that the Sarswati valley or Mana valley was under the rule of Shyamshah(1624)
  The geographical situation of bordering region of Daba (Tibet) and Garhwal (India) is such that neither Garhwal could capture Daba permanently nor it was possible for Daba Kings to rule over Mana –Neeti valley.
       Though, army of Shyamshah captured Daba but could not stay there in winter season. Garhwal chief of army Madho Singh Bhandari erected terraces for marking the bordering line between Daba and Garhwal. Fateshah also attacked on Daba.
             There were wars between Garhwal and Daba (Tibet, China). However, the export and import business was continuous between Daba and Garhwal till 1962.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com30/10/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -469
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
XX Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom; Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom in context Rudraprayag Garhwal History; Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom in context Chamoli Garhwal History; Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom in context Pauri Garhwal History; Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom in context Bijnor , old Garhwal History; Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom in context Haridwar Garhwal History; Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom in context Dehradun Garhwal History; Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom in context Uttarkashi Garhwal History;  Foreign Policy with Daba, Tibet (China) of Garhwal Kingdom in context Tehri Garhwal History;