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Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -30 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -219     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -467 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

            Initially, Ajaypal and his immediate heirs were busy in winning Garhpati (chieftains of a Garhi). When they won the regions of today’s Dehradun, today’s Uttarkashi, present Bijnor, present Haridwar, present whole Garhwal, the Garhpati were not able to fight back with Garhwal Kings. Garhpati were given profitable position as Thokdar etc.   In Garhwal and Kumaoni Garhwali and Kumauni languages were developed and the languages became emotional bondage among the people of respective regions.
                             Wars with Neighboring Countries
 Though, there was no internal resistance from ex-chieftains and their heirs, the Garhwal Kingdom faced many disturbances from neighboring countries because-
1-enmey attacking or looting border regions
2-Attacking neighboring countries
3-To attack on neighboring kingdom to help enemy of neighbor
Garhwal King------------Tibet-------Kumaun---Sirmour-----Muslim ---Others---Total
Ajaypal--------------------1-------------1----------------------------------------------------2
Sahajpal--------------------1------------------------------------------3------------------------4
Balbhadra---------------------------------1---------------------------1-------------------------2
Manshah--------------------1--------------8-----------4--------------------------------------13
Shyamshah------------------2------------------------------------------------------------------2
Mahipati Shah--------------1--------------1-------------2------------------------------------4
Nkkatirani----------------------------------------------------------------1--------------------1
Prithvipati----------------------------------2-------------3---------------3------------------8
Medanishah--------------------------------4-------------1-----------------------------------5
Fateshah--------------1--------------------10------------1---------------2----------5--------19
PradipShah----------------------------------4------------------------------2---------3---------9
LalitShah-------------------------------------1-----------1----------------2-----------4--------8
Jaikirti----------------------------------------1------------------------------------------2--------3
Pradyuman----------------------------------2-------------------------------------------3--------5
Total---------------------7-------------------35--------------12--------------14--------17------85
That shows that Garhwal Kingdom were engaged in war after every two years.In wars, people suffered the more than the Kings.
 The Investigating System was weak. Many times, the rebellion used to come to capital and the kings was unaware about the revolting chieftain.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com28/10/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -468
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty, to be continued

XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, South Asian History of Bijnor old Garhwal
XX
Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period in context Haridwar Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period in context Garhwal History;  Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period in context Dehradun Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period in context Uttarkashi Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period in context Tehri Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period in context Rudraprayag Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period in context Chamoli Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period in context Pauri Garhwal History; Foreign Policy of Garhwal Kings in Pal /Shah Period in context Bijnor district  History;