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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

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Monday, October 6, 2014

Land Management in Garhwal Kingdom of Pal / Shah Dynasty Period

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -8

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -197      
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -445 

                       By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                      That that is Land
 The land was called That, Thati or Dharti.
 The Pal/Shah King was the owner of the whole land as was system in Paurava and Katyuri period. The King was free to change the ownership of land from one person to other. The people were not authorized to challenge the King order.
 Usually, King used to transfer the right of landlord (thati ) in following cases-
1-Vishnu Priti, Sankalp or religious donation- The King used to offer land to Mahatma, Saints, Sages , Priests of scholars.
2-Raut – When the land was offered those who lost lives or did brave acts to protect the Kingdom, King or King family or Court ministers were offered land as reward and that land was called ‘Raut  me’. Such landowners were called Rawat.
3- Jagir- The King used to offer land for earnings to his faujdar, soldiers, ministers, Dharmdhikari, Negis, Goldars
The above people were called Thatwan. The Thatwan could collect tax from the Kabjedar etc (who were farmers). Thatwan did not have power to dispatch farmers from the regions. Farmers were to give taxes.  

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com1/10/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -446
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period  History of Haridwar district, History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty ,  to be continued