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Friday, October 10, 2014

Crafts, Dress Materials, Fiber Industry in Garhwal of Pal /Shah Era

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -15 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -204      
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -452 

                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)


      The major population of Garhwal was dependent on agriculture, forest produces and domestic animals. People used to produce all appliances themselves and a small area of a few villages was self dependent. Trade was at minimum. Craft articles were made in each village. Barter system was the major source of exchange including labor exchange (Dhankur). People had liking for artful products. Therefore, each utensil or appliance has artful design.
                 Fiber and Dress Material Industry
        People used to make dress materials and dresses for them themselves in villages. People used to have goats and sheep with cows, buffalos. By the skin of goat, people used to make bags. People used to make different materials from wool as blanket, mufflers, cap, Pattu , Carpets, etc. Koli used to spin cotton and used to make contemporary dress materials and dresses. Ngapur, Painkhnada, Dashauli, Badhan, jaunpur, barkot and bank of Ganga of Tehri were for famous for woolen clothing. The Marcha of Tibet also brought woolen materials from Tibet for trading. People used to export the above materials in Nazibabad, Haridwar, Dehradun and Saharanpur.
  Hemp was one of the precious sources of fibers.   Hemp fiber was used for making clothing, bags, ropes, cbedsheet etc.
  The whet husk, fiber of Bhemal (Grevia optiva) , Malu bark (Bahuniya family) was used to make Mandar or bedding or carpet. The rice husk (Puwal)  was used for bedding purpose.
 Dwarf cotton was cultivated in Salan and Dehradun.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com9/10/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -453
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period  History of Haridwar district, History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty ,  to be continued
XX
Crafts,  Dress Materials, Fiber Industry in Garhwal of Pal /Shah Era; Crafts, Dress Materials, Fiber Industry in Garhwal of Pal /Shah Era in context Haridwar Garhwal History; Crafts,  Dress Materials, Fiber Industry in Garhwal of Pal /Shah Era in context Dehradun Garhwal History; Crafts,  Dress Materials, Fiber Industry in Garhwal of Pal /Shah Era in context Uttarkashi Garhwal History Crafts,  Dress Materials, Fiber Industry in Garhwal of Pal /Shah Era in context Tehri Garhwal History; Crafts,  Dress Materials, Fiber Industry in Garhwal of Pal /Shah Era in context Rudraprayag Garhwal History; Crafts,  Dress Materials, Fiber Industry in Garhwal of Pal /Shah Era in context Chamoli Garhwal History; Crafts,  Dress Materials, Fiber Industry in Garhwal of Pal /Shah Era in context Pauri Garhwal History;