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Friday, October 17, 2014

Antonio de Andrade: A Contributor Recording the Garhwal History

Historians of Uttarakhand -3
                                       Bhishma Kukreti

   Priest and Explorer Antonio de Andrade could not be called historian of Garhwal. Antonio de Andrade was born in 1580 in Olerious, Purtgal Kingdom.  Antonio de Andrade died on 19th March 1634 in Goa, India.
       Antonio de Andrade entered the Society of Jesus in 1596. From 1600-1634, he was engaged in missionary activities in India (Goa). Antonio de Andrade was first European to cross Himalaya for reaching Tibet. In 1624, he left Agra for Badrinath with his colleague Manuel Marques with Hindu Pilgrims for Badrinath. After reaching Haridwar, he stayed in Haridwar for getting permission of Garhwal Kingdom to enter into Garhwal. He went to Shrinagar, Mana and then reached to Tibet. Second time (1626), he travelled Tibet via Laddakh.
           His travel and exploration of 1624 and 1626 were published in 1626 in a Portages original in Lisbon followed by Spanish translation in Segovia (in Spain 1628). Thereafter his exploration was published in Polish and other European languages.
        Antonio de Andrade provides various aspects of Garhwal Kingdom for historians coming some conclusion about politics, diplomacy, social and cultural aspects of Garhwal in sixteenth century.  
 His writing helps Historians to write various aspects of Garhwal History in sixteenth century.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti, Mumbai 15/10/2014
Xx
Historians of Garhwal, Historians of, Kumaon; Historians of Pauri Garhwal, Historians of Udham Singh Nagar, Kumaon; Historians of Chamoli Garhwal, Historians of Nainital, Kumaon; Historians of Rudraprayag Garhwal, Historians of Almora, Kumaon; Historians of Tehri Garhwal, Historians of Champawat, Kumaon; Historians of Uttarkashi Garhwal, Historians of , Bageshwar Kumaon; Historians of Dehradun Garhwal, Historians of Pithoragarh , Kumaon; Historians of Haridwar Garhwal, Historians of Doti , Old Kumaon; Historians of Bijnor , Old Garhwal, Historians of, Pilibhit, Old Kumaon;