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Friday, October 17, 2014

Highways/Roads in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era

Administration, Social and Cultural Characteristics History of Garhwal in Shah Dynasty -22 

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -211     
   History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -459 
                        By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)
                The Highways of older time in garhwal neither could be compared to today’s walking or footpath  road of plains or hills nor with the highways /roads of plains of old time.
                         Pilgrim Raod  
  The important or major Pilgrim Road was Haridwar to Mana or Badrinath via Lakshman Jhula, Mohanchatti (Fulchatti), Bandarbhel, Mahdevchatti, Simal-Khnad, Kandi, Vyaschatti, Devprayag, Shrinagar, Rudraprayag, Vishnuprayag .
 There was a highway from Devprayag to Gangotri and Yamunotri. Another Highway was from Rudraprayag to Kedarnath. From Badrinath the highway used to go to Kailash via Daba Tibet. From Joshimath, there was another Highway to Tibet via Neeti,
 The path from Lakshman Jhula to Shrinagar was very difficult terrine.
          Nazibabad to Shrinagar Roads
 A Highway was from Nazbabad to Shrinagar via Khohdwar or Kotdwara, Hanuman Mandir, Dadmandi, Bhairongarh (Dwarikhal), Banghat- Bilkhet, Naithana, Advani, Teka ka manda, Chetkoti to Shrinagar.
             Dehradun to Yamunotri –Gangotri roads
  There were difficult roads from Dehradun to Yamunotri or Uttarkashi via jaunsar Bhabhar. Another road was Mussoorie Danda, old Tihri. From Old Tehri there was road for Gangotri and Yamunotri. The road from Tehri to Shrinagar was via Paukhal, Dangchaura, Ranihat. From ranihat, there was Ganga port where boats or Dangi were used to cross Alaknanda. There was a way to Barahat from Dehradun via Mussoorie, Dharasu. The path for Rishikesh from Dehradun was also there.
                Kumaon to Shrinagar Highways  
 There were following paths –
Doti to Shrinagar –
Doti (Nepal) to Shrinagar road was via to Brahmdev Mandi (cross Kali Ganga) to Kathgodam, Almora, Chhakhata, Bhimtal, where road from Tarai met. From here road used to go to Kahsipur then Kalagarh (cross Ramganga here) and then Khohdwar or Kotdwara.
Another road from Almora to Shrinagar was via Hvalbag, Dwarhat, Mahargaon, Chaukhatiya (cross Ramganga) Mehalchauri of Lohabgarhi, Gairsain, Chandpurgarhi, Bhainswada, Khirsu, Devalgarh to Shrinagar.
Third road from Almora to Shrinagar was via Bageshwar, baijnath, Gwaldam, Pindar valley, Tharali, Narayanbagad, Simli, Karnprayag, Rudrapryag, Khankara to Shrinagar.
Fourth road was from Almora to Shrinagar via Bhikhiyasain, Deghat , Gujadigarhi, Devlikhal and via Nayar valley to Shringar.
There was difficult road from Jauhar to Neeti.
      All the above roads were difficult roads and at many places the human being has to walk on their chest than foot.

Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com16/10/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -460
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter ….
XX                     
Notes on South Asian Modern Period  History of Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Pauri Garhwal; South Asian  Modern Period  History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Modern  History of Tehri Garhwal; South Asian Modern  History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Modern  History of Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period   History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Modern Period   History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian Modern Period History of Haridwar district, History of Characteristics of Garhwal Kings Shah dynasty ,  to be continued
XX
Highways in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era; Highways in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Garhwal History; Highways in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Haridwar Garhwal History; Highways in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Dehradun Garhwal History; Highways in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Uttarkashi Garhwal History; Highways in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Tehri Garhwal History; Highways in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Rudraprayag Garhwal History; Highways in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Chamoli Garhwal History; Highways in Garhwal in Pal /Shah Era in context Pauri Garhwal History;