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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, May 26, 2014

Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira a Drum Musical Instrument used in Garhwali Folk Dramas

Review of Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional Plays part -157
                  गढ़वाली लोक नाटकों के वाद्य यंत्र
                             
                     Bhishma Kukreti (लोक साहित्य शोधार्थी)

             Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira is similar to western musical instrument Tambourine. Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira is very rarely used in Garhwal. The Dhol Sagar mentions Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira as (folk) musical instrument.
                  Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira consists of circular frame of jackfruit wood, between 7-9 inches in width and 2-4 in depth. It is covered on one side with a drumhead made of monitor lizard skin. The other side of Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira is kept open. The frame of Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira has single slit that contains three to four small metal discs often coins those jingle when Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira is played.  Usually Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira played by the palm and fingers of right hand while left hand supports the drum.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti 24/5/2014

Characteristics of Garhwali Folk Drama, Community Dramas; Folk Theater/Rituals and Traditional to be continued in next chapter
                 References
1-Bharat Natyashastra
2-Steve Tillis, 1999, Rethinking Folk Drama
3-Roger Abrahams, 1972, Folk Dramas in Folklore and Folk life 
4-Tekla Domotor , Folk drama as defined in Folklore and Theatrical Research
5-Kathyrn Hansen, 1991, Grounds for Play: The Nautanki Theater of North India
6-Devi Lal Samar, Lokdharmi Pradarshankari Kalayen 
7-Dr Shiv Prasad Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 1-12
8-Dr Shiva Nand Nautiyal, Garhwal ke Loknritya geet
9-Jeremy Montagu, 2007, Origins and Development of Musical Instruments
10-Gayle Kassing, 2007, History of Dance: An Interactive Arts Approach
11- Bhishma Kukreti, 2013, Garhwali Lok Natkon ke Mukhya Tatva va Charitra, Shailvani, Kotdwara
12- Bhishma Kukreti, 2007, Garhwali Lok Swangun ma rasa ar Bhav , Chithipatri
13-Manorama Sharma, Tribal Melodies of Himachal Pradesh: Gaddi Folk Music
14- Anoop Chandola, 1977, Folk Drumming in Himalaya: A Linguistic Approach to Music 
15- Jugal Kishor Petshali, 2002, Uttaranchal ke Lok Vadya
16- Jason Busniewski, Bagpiping in the Indian Himalaya
17- Ian Woodfield, 2000, Music of the Raj
18-Stefen Fiol, 2008, Constructing Regionalism: Discourses of Spirituality and Cultural Poverty in Music of Uttarakhand, North India
19- Andrew Alter, Mountainous Sound Spaces-Listening to History and Music in the Uttarakhand Himalayas  
 XX
 Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira a Drum Musical Instrument used in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays; Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira a Drum Musical Instrument used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Chamoli Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira a Drum Musical Instrument used in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Rudraprayag Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira a Drum Musical Instrument used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Pauri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira a Drum Musical Instrument used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Tehri Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira a Drum Musical Instrument used in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Uttarkashi Garhwal, North India, South Asia;  Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira a Drum Musical Instrument used  in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Dehradun Garhwal, North India, South Asia; Khinjari, Kanjira, Khanjira or Ganjira a Drum Musical Instrument used in Garhwali Folk Drama, Folk Rituals, Community Theaters and Traditional Plays from Haridwar Garhwal, North India, South Asia