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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Sunday, May 4, 2014

History Review of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal King with Delhi Rulers

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -87     
                                            
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -332 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

                    From 1440-1548, Delhi’s political situation was unstable. Timur attacks disestablished the north Indian region that the Delhi rulers could not make Delhi rule stable. Khijrakhan (1414) established Sayyad rule in Delhi. Bahalolalodi dynasty took over Delhi in 1441. Babar took over the Delhi rule on 20th April 1526. Babar died in 1530. Humayun could not consolidate his rule. Sher Shah Suri took over Delhi rule in 1540 by defeating Humayun. Humayun died in 1545 and his successors could rule for long.
       
                      Sheltering Hindus in Uttarakhand

          Muslim rulers before Akbar suppressed Hindus from social, cultural and religious ways. Hindus were fleeing from their place for secured life where they could be Hindus. Hindus started taking shelters in Garhwal and Kumaon. That is why most of the Garhwali castes settlement is in this era of disturbances by Muslims in Indian plains. Garhwal and Kumaon Kings also offered shelter to Muslims too.

                        Shelter to Khawas Khan by Kumaon King
  Khawas Khan from Marwat clan was one of the best generals of Sher Shah Suri. He was sympathetic to Adil Shah Suri and Khawaskhan was main supporter of Adilkhan the elder brother of Delhi ruler Islamshah. Adilkhan and Khawaskhan wanted their rule instead Islamshah. Khawaskahn helped Humayun.
 Islamshah wanted to arrest Khawaskhan.
     Khawaskhan took shelter in Kumaon under King Manek Chand.

                    Path of Khawas Khan from Garhwal to Kumaon

 When Khawskhan reached to Ambala from Sarhind he crossed through Shivalik hills. According to Muslim folklore writers, Khawas Khan entered Kumaon from Dabar Ghat or port. He lived in Alalhahi.
 The Muslim folklores suggest that Khawas Khan travelled Garhwal region (south Garhwal that is Shivalik and Bhabhar). It seems that contemporary Garhwal King  had sympathy with Khawas Khan and offered path for Khawas Khan to travel through Garhwal.


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com4/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -333 
                                                              
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
         History of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal Kings with Delhi Rulers; History of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal Kings with Delhi Rulers with context of History of Haridwar Garhwal; History of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal Kingsl with Delhi Rulers with context of History of Dehradun Garhwal; History of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal Kings with Delhi Rulers with context of History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; History of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal Kings with Delhi Rulers with context of History of Tehri Garhwal; History of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal King Ajeypal with Delhi Rulers with context of History of Chamoli Garhwal; History of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal King Ajeypal with Delhi Rulers with context of History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; History of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal King Ajeypal with Delhi Rulers with context of History of Bhabhar Garhwal; History of Diplomatic Relationships of Garhwal King Ajeypal with Delhi Rulers with context of History of Pauri Garhwal;