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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, May 12, 2014

History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -92     
                                            
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -337 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

            Garhwal Kingdom was extended till east of Ganges plains of Haridwar, Chandighat, Nazibabad, Bijnor, Afjalgarh. Akbar rule was over Haridwar especially today’s Western Haridwar district and Saharanpur. Akbar had rule over Bhabar of Kumaon too. Akbar used to call Ganga water from Haridwar. Akbar used to take Ganga water on daily basis as Akbar was fussy about drinking water. He had stationed servants at Haridwar to send Ganga water in sealed barrel.
 In the time of Akbar, Haridwar was famous as also sated by Abul Fazal ‘Maya vulgo Haridwar on the Ganges”.
Akbar used Basmati rice of Dehradun too.
             Though, Akbar also won Tibet and logic suggests that Akbar could have won Garhwal too. However, the writings of Akbar period witness that Shrinagar Garhwal was a sovereign Kingdom at the time of Akbar.  Garhwal King did not pay any tax or tribute to Akbar as subordinate ruler of Akbar. Rupchand of Kumaon had to accept overriding rule of Akbar.
       Folklore suggests that Garhwal was under Akbar and the Garhwal King told a proverb that Garhwal is as the back of camel and Akbar did not levy any tax on Garhwal. However, there is no historical evidence that Garhwal was under Akbar.
  The evidences suggest that Garhwal King Sahajpal had cordial relation with Akbar.




Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com10/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -338
                                                              
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued

XX
History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Pauri Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Chandighat Haridwar, Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Nazibabad old Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Afzalgarh old Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Chamoli Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Tehri Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Dehradun Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Jaunsar Bhabhar Garhwal; History of Amicable Relation of Garhwal King Sahajpal with Mogul Emperor Akbar with context of History of Ravain Garhwal;