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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Wednesday, May 21, 2014

History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -100      
                                            
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -346 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

         Friendly Relation between Garhwal King Balbhadra Shah and Katyuri (Kumaon) Chieftain Sukhaldev: History Review

             At the time of Rudrachandra as Chand dynasty King of part of Kumaon, Katyuri kingdom also existed in parts of Kumaon. Katyuri rule was not under Chand Kingdom and was a sovereign Kingdom. When Chand Kings became ambitious in extending their territories, Garhwal rulers started having amicable relationship with Katyuri Chiefs. By in large, Katyuri rulers were peaceful kings and were favorable to the people of their own territory and territory of other rulers too.  Still as on 2014, people of both regions (Garhwal and Kumaon) sing folk songs in praise of Katyuri Kings. Garhwali and Kumaon worship a couple of Katyuri Kings as deities.
            Chand King Rudrachandra captured Seera territory of a Katyuri rules territory. Sukhaldev another ruler of a Katyuri territory (Baijnath) adjacent to Garhwal was aware that Rudrachandra would also try capturing his Katyuri territory. Sukhaldev had a friendly treaty with Garhwal King.
       Garhwal king Balbhadra Shah departed his army to Gwaldam and Ganai in Katyuri territory to stop the invasion of Rudrachandra.
   Rudrachandra army led by Purushottam Pant or Pursu Pnat had to come to Garhwal by crossing Katyuri territory (Baijnath). When Purushottam Pant  with his army entered Sukhaldev territory, Sukhaldev cut the supply of food etc for Purushottam and his army.
                      Gwaldam Battle


             There was fierce fight between Garhwal Kingdom army and Chand army led by Purushottam Pant. A Padyar commander was leading Garhwal army. Garhwal King declared a reward that whoever brings head of Purushottam Pant he would get all villages from battle field to Shrinagar. A Padyar threw spear towards Pursu Pant and Purushottam Pant died instantly. The Padyar commander brought the head of Purushottam Pant to Shrinagar. Garhwal King rewarded villages around rod from Gwaldam to Shrinagar
                       Killing of Sukhaldev
                   After defeat at Gwaldam, Rudrachandra attacked on Sukhaldev and around 1590-91-or 92, Sukhaldev was killed by Chand Kingdom army.

                 Date of Gwaldam Battle

  It seems the Gwaldam battle was fought between 1590-1991


Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com22/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -347
                                                              
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Haridwar Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Dehradun Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Uttarkashi Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Tehri Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Rudraprayag Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Chamoli Garhwal History; History of Gwaldam Battle between Garhwal Army and Chand King (Kumaon) Army in context of Pauri Garhwal History;