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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Monday, May 19, 2014

History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal

History of Garhwal including Haridwar (1223- 1804 AD) –part -94       
                                            
 History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -340 

                       ByBhishma Kukreti (A History Research Student)

 Demand of Garhwal Products in other Indian Territories including Akbar Kingdom
 Garhwal was famous for following produces in other parts of India in Sahajpal Period-
Sword etc- Khukhari, Chhuri(knife), Khande etc.
Minerals and precious metal-Borax, Gold dust, copper
Dress materials- Woolen products, wool, leather, Hemp fiber etc
Forest and herbal produces- Herbal medicines and herbs, bamboo, bamboo products etc
Spices etc- Hemp, Dal chini
Animals- Tiger, horses were supplied to Akbar. There was demand for deer, rabbits etc especially from Bhabhar. Chanvar Gay was in demand.
The exclusive products  of Tibet border were also in demand.
Ganga water- Ganga water was exported from Garhwal.






Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com15/5/2014
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -341
                                                              
                                      References

1-Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral, 1971, Uttarakhand ka Itihas Bhag-4, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda, Pauri Garhwal, India 
2-Harikrishna Raturi, Garhwal ka Itihas
3-Dr. Patiram, Garhwal Ancient and Modern
4-Rahul Sankrityayan, Garhwal
5- Oakley and Gairola, Himalayan Folklore
6- Bhakt Darshan, Garhwal ki Divangit Vibhutiyan
7-Foster, Early Travels in India William Finch
8-Upadhyaya, Shri Shankaracharya
9-Shering, Western Tibet and British
10-H.G. Walton, Gazetteer of British Garhwal
11-B.P.Kamboj, Early Wall Paintings of Garhwal
12-H.g Walton, Gazetteer of Dehradun
13- Vimal Chandra, Prachin Bharat ka Itihas
14-Meera Seth, Wall Paintings of Western Himalayas 
15-Furar, Monumental Antiquities
16-Haudiwala, Studies in Indo-Muslim History
17- Rahul Khari 2007, Jats and Gujjar Origin, History and Culture
18- Upendra Singh, 2006, Delhi: Ancient History, Barghahan Books
19- B.S. Dahiya, 1980, Jats the Ancient Rulers (A Clan Study) , Sterling Publications
20- Maithani, Bharat –Gotrapravardeepika
21 Prem Hari Har Lal, 1993, The Doon Valley Down the Ages
22-Dashrath Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties
23- Shailndra Nath Sen, Ancient History and Civilization
24-H.M Elliot, 1867, The History of India as told by its Own Historians
25- Jaswant Lal Mehta, 1979, Advance Study in Medieval India
26- Nau Nihal Singh, 2003, The Royal Gurjars: their contribution to India, Anmol Publications 
27- H. Blochmann, 1873,  Aine e- Akbari Translation
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
History of Garhwal from 1223-1804 to be continued in next chapter          
Notes on South Asian Medieval History of Garhwal;  SouthAsian Medieval History of Pauri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Chamoli Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Rudraprayag Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Tehri Garhwal;  Medieval History of Uttarkashi Garhwal;  South Asian Medieval History of Dehradun, Garhwal;  Medieval History of Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Manglaur, Haridwar;  South Asian Medieval History of Rurkee Haridwar ;  South Asian Medieval History of Bahadarpur Haridwar ; South Asian History of Haridwar district to be continued
XX
History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Haridwar Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Dehradun Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Uttarkashi Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Tehri Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Chamoli Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Rudraprayag Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Pauri Garhwal; History Review: Commercial Relationship of Garhwal Kings with Mogul Emperor Akbar or Export from Garhwal with context History of Bhabhar Garhwal;