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Wednesday, June 8, 2016

Totakrishna Gairola: First Poet of Monograph Poetry in Garhwali Language

Critical and Chronological History of Modern Garhwali (Asian) Poetry –

                    Literature Historian:  Bhishma Kukreti
             Totakrishna has very important position in Garhwali Poetry World. His Poetry collection ‘Premi Pathik’ is first example of monograph poems in Garhwali (Asian) language. Totakrishna shows his expertise of treatise in ‘Premi Pathik’.   
            Totakrishna Gairola was born on 9th November 1895 in Dyul, Lassya, Tehri Garhwal. Totakrishna Gairola expired in 1985.
      Totakrishna Gairola published long poetry ‘Premi Pathik’ in 1935. The aim of such long poetry was to illustrate cruel social norms and customs. Gairola was of supporter of social reforms. He illustrated the woman pain in his poem with fantastic figure of speeches and metaphors.  In most of the stanzas, Totakrishna Gairola used repeated words (ploce and conduplicatio) effectively for creating intensity. He could illustrate successfully the images of geographical nature and human activities in the long poem.
         Totakrishna Gairola used old Sanskrit Chhand in his long poetry.
          
श्रीधर सेठ  (1935 की गढ़वाली कविता )


रौंत्याळा सिरधूर गाउँ भर मा गोधूलि का साजमा 
दौं धौळी भरपाळि काळि घरऔ पाखे गूंजीं गाजमा 
लैंजे लैगिन  खोळिऊँ तइ सजी बाछे अड़ाई अमां 
बालैणी थण थामी दौड़ि पंहुची हुंकार्दी चौकु मा।    
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गैरोला की कविताओं में उपमा अलंकार का प्रयोग -
१- च्यों कि सी हथगुळि थाई गुदगुदी कुतग्याळि  सी लग्दी धैं ,
२-मोती सी सेति मति होव जैकी बणो जुहारी धन दान कैकी 

साभार --शैलवाणी अंग्वाळ )
Garhwali poet and Critics, as Madan Duklan, Puran Pant Pathik and poetry critic Dr Manjula Dhoundiyal place Garhwali (Asian) poet with Alexander Pushkin (Russian), Montale , Vittorio Sereny ( Italian).
Copyright @ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, June, 2016
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