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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, June 9, 2016

Division of Garhwal Kingdom

  Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -293
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -823          
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

                British Taking Doon Valley under British Rule

       On 21st October 1814, British captured Dehra centre without any casualty. In October only, barring Khalanga (Nalapani), British captured whole Doon Valley.  Hearsay informed about the importance of Doon Letter of Hearsay to Adam, 24 August 1814). Governor General also received information from other sources about fertility and forest resources of Doon and defense strategy of Doon.
    There were easy ports in Doon for crossing Ganga and Yamuna. Adam instructed to William Frazer through letters of 22nd and 23rd for establishing administration in Doon and Kiyardoon valleys immediately.
  However, due to non capturing Nalapani, the administration was established in late November in Doon and Kiyardoon valleys. Till end of November, Frazer could not get right personnel for collecting tax and police administration. Lately at the last week of November, Frazer appointed Garhwalis for police job and tax collection. There were three types of Garhwalis seeking jobs with British government-
1-Those left jobs with Gurkha administration.
2-Those wanted who were eager to get back their properties taken by Gurkha
3-New entrants eager for getting service with British 
  Frazer was able for establishing temporary administration in Doon and Kiyardoon valleys.

                 Shivram Luring Doon People
             There was no unrest in Doon valleys after Frazer took charge. However, those villagers, village chiefs, elites ran away from their respective villages did not return. It was necessary that villagers returned their houses and take agricultural acts and other jobs in hand.  Sudarshan Shah appointed Shivram as Mukhtyar (representative) for luring people of Doon those ran away from their villages. Frazer sent a authority letter to Shivram –
  “You being a well wisher of the company is being appointed as representative of King Sudarshan Shah. You will have to pay attention on your work and to act according to benefits for the British Government. You are being appointed for luring farmers for coming back to their villages. You are handed the job for getting back the village chieftains and elites for returning and staying in their respective regions.  You have to detach all of them from Gorkha people. Whatever way you thing right do those tactics but it should be in the benefits for British. After completion the job, British will offer you the Jagir. By inspiration from Sudarshan Shah and luring by Frazer, Shivram completed his job by getting back the farmers and elites (Chieftains etc) not only in Doon valleys but in Tones Valley too.  He was successful in provoking pole against Gurkha. (English Pre mutiny record vol. 8, Dehradun)
   Frazer was happy by actions of Shiv Ram.
 (From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, Sanwal, Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Letter of Bamshah for Amar Singh Thapa etc) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 10/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -824
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika

History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal