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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

Revenge by Garhwalis

 Division of Garhwal Kingdom   -5       

              Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -297
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -827          
                                                           
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

             As soon as Garhwalis came to know that British army with Sudarshan Shah reached Shrinagar, Garhwalis started taking revenge against Gurkha officials. Gurkha kept many Girls as their keeps by force. Now, Gurkha wanted taking shelter under parents of those girls. Most of parents did not help those Gurkha. Garhwali wives went with their Gurkha husbands for Nepal. Garhwalis killed many local Gurkha commanders. In some cases, British government helped Gurkha .  
                Bhishma Kukreti, (1984, Garhwal Ki Lok Kathayen, Binsar Prakashan, Lodhi Colony, Delhi) cites a folk story that shows the anger of Garhwalis against Gurkha –
            Gyana and  Binjara: Garhwali Folk Story      

          Usually, in Garhwal the names of crop fields or farming fields are based on the characteristics of the farm place and not on the basis of personal name. For example where ‘Laya’ is grown called ‘Layad’, ‘Banjan’ means the place where Oak (banj) forest is there, ‘Chaudi’ means the field are long and wide, ‘twal’ means the land is with lime etc.
         Below in south of village Jaspur, Malla Dhangu (Pauri Garhwal), there is a place called ‘Gyana’ and in the east a place called Binjara. This author asked his elder uncle late Shri Murlidhar Kukreti about name of place (farming field) based on personal name. 
              My uncle told me the following story for such variation.
    There was Gorkhyani or Gorkha (Nepal) rule over Garhwal more than a decade. Gorkha rulers and government servants were the cruelest most in our history. The soldiers used to burn the standing crops or used to plough standing crops. To kill a human being on petty mistakes was a common system in Gorkha rule. Gorkhyani or Gorkha rule is remembered with fear due to their aggressive, oppressive ways of ruling.
              Ghansali was the military base of Gorkha soldiers and administrators for Dhangu, Udaypur and Dabralsyun.  Among the Gorkha administrative officers, Gyan Singh and Binjara Singh were the cruelest.  
             When Gorkha rule came to an end, the Gorkha soldiers started running for their countries Nepal. People of Dhangu were so much terrorized by Gyan Singh and Binjara that people wanted to kill them. People started following Gyana and Binjara to kill both of them. Gyana ran and was caught in the southern territory of Jaspur village. People killed him there. Binjara was caught in the east of Jaspur in Gweel territory.
          Now, where Gyan Singh was killed is called Gyana and where Binjara Singh was killed is called as Binjara’.

               Jobs for Saklani Brothers  

       Shivram Saklani became darling of Baldock too. He arranged that his nephew Nandram (son of Kriparam Saklani) became orderly for Major Baldock. In June 1815, Shivram sent an application to Frazer for offering service with British government for his another nephew Kashiram Saklani. Frazer accepted the application, appointed Kashiram with British Government and wrote a letter on 19th June 1815, that Kashirma and Sudarshan Shah would work for the benefits of British Government. Kashiram became special man of Frazer and Nandram became trusted man of Baldock.
                ‘ Sanad’ or Order for Prasad Puri
           Prasad Puri the chief Priest of Famous Kamleshwar Temple, Shrinagar met William Frazer. Prasad Puri showed the copper plates (order) about Garhwal King and Nepal Officials providing the specific land for the Kamleshwar Temple. According to Rutherford, Prasad Puri (as per Rutherford- Pasand Puri) secretly sent many information of Nepal administration to him. William Frazer got such information before priest meeting Frazer. On 23rd July British administration authorized the same land to Kamleshwar Temple that was offered by Garhwal King and Gurkha administration.
(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, English pre mutiny records, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.) 
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 14/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -828
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal