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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Tuesday, June 21, 2016

British Capturing Makwanpur

 Sugauli Treaty -4
                          
               Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -303
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -833          
                       
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)

              By November 1815, the Army of Ochterlony started gathering at Balvi the border region of Saran. Ochterlony decided capturing Bhichhakhori Ghat by crossing three places of Chudia /Churiya Hill through three Army Battalions. Ahead of Bhichhakhori Ghat, there were cities and Garhs of Makwanpur. Gurkha planned to attack suddenly on British army Bhichhakhori Ghat Fort.  Ochterlony marched with 9500 soldiers and Canons for Bhichhakhori Ghat. Lieutenant Colonel Nichols was supposed to meet Ochterlony Mahajogi raod (thirty miles in west of Bhichhakhori Ghat) ahead of Rapti valley with 5000 soldiers. 35 miles right away from Ochterlony, Colonel Kelli marched towards Hariharpur through Lakhand Rivulet with 4000 soldiers. On 3rd February, Ochterlony started his march towards Bhichhakhori Ghat. On third day Ochterlony with army reached to Bhichhakhori Ghat region. Ochterlony stayed there for five days. However, no Gurkha soldiers were there in scene.
      An opium seller deceptively informed   that there was a steep and difficult road through Baluwater for Makwanpur but there was no Gurkha army. Ochterlony reached near Makwanpur with hardship. Gurkha soldiers ran away from Bhichhakhori Ghat towards Makwanpur. On 27th February 1816, a Battalion captured Bhichhakhori Ghat. After capturing Hathora, Ochterlony marched to Makwanpur.  On afternoon of 27th he reached to Makwanpur.  
        Second day, 3000 Gurkha attacked on British camp with canon fires. A gun fire blown ahead of Ochterlony camp and his servant with an inkpot died there. Before sun set there was fierce battle.  As per written records (Premble, Invasion of Nepal), Gurkha lost 800 soldiers and hundreds of Gurkha soldiers got injured. British lost 45 soldiers, 175 were injured and 2 were missing. Gurkha ran away from Makwanpur.
  When Kelli and his army reached to Hariharpur Gurkha army commander Ranjor Singh Thapa was there with 1000 soldiers for protection.  British army fired Canons continuously. There was heavy casualty in Gurkha camp. Gurkha commander Ranjor Singh Thapa and his army ran away from Hariharpur.
       According to a Gurkha source, there was war at other place too.  Maularam illustrated that war but with exaggeration.
                                End of War
     When a portion of Ochterlony army was marching ahead of Makwanpur, Bakhtawar Singh the brother of Bhimsen Thapa sent Chandrasekhar Upadhyaya with a treaty letter authorized by the Nepal King to Ochterlony. Ochterlony insulted the Envoy for a while and then later on took the letter. Ochterlony offered authorized Treaty letter by Governor General to Upadhyaya.
          Then, that  was end of war.

(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Upadhyaya, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 21/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -834
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal