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उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

उत्तराखंडी ई-पत्रिका

Thursday, June 23, 2016

9 British Provisions for Sugauli Treaty

  Sugauli Treaty -5
                          
               Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) -304
            History of Uttarakhand (Garhwal, Kumaon and Haridwar) -834          
                       
                          By: Bhishma Kukreti (A History Student)
        The Sugauli Treaty Letter signed by Governor General was having 9 Provisions as follows –
1-There would be permanent treaty between Honorable East India Company and Nepal
2- Nepal declares leaving the rights on disputed land before the war and accepts the rights of East India Company on those regions.
3- Nepal King hands over the following land forever to east India Company-
1st - The plain land between Kali and Rapti Rivers
2nd  The land between Rapti and Gandak Rivers
3rd  – Whole plain land between Gandak and Kupta Rivers
4th  – Whole plain land between Meechi and Tista Rivers
5th – The fort of Nagari and hill regions of Meechi River, the ports of Nagar Kot towards morang Hill will be under British. The Gurkha soldiers have to vacate those regions within 40 days.
4- Gurkha Sardar and Bhardar will get pension due to above region coming under British territory. British would pay pension annually rupees two lakhs. Nepal King will submit the names of Bhardar and Sardar and pension amount. As soon as the King submit the names and amount Governor General would sign that paper and would be sent to those personnel.
5- Nepal King and his family will leave all rights on the territories of west of Kali River forever. The King will offer in writing that he will not have any relation with west of Kali River.
6-Nepal King will not make any loss to the territory under Sikkim King. In case of dispute between Sikkim King and Nepal King or subjects the decision of British will be final and Nepal would abide the decision.
7- Nepal King assured in writing that Nepal Kingdom will not offer service /employment to British, Indian and European without permission of British.
8- Both the parties will keep Advocate in courts of  both the parties.
9- There are nine sections on this Treaty. Nepal King will hand over his acceptance to Lieutenant Colonel Bradshaw within 15 days. Bradshaw will send the acceptance to Governor General and the acceptance of Governor General would be handed over to Nepal king by Bradshaw.
       Bradshaw handed over the letter with stamp to Chandrasekhar Upadhyaya on 2nd December 1815.  Upadhyaya handed over acceptance letter of Nepal with sign and stamp to Ochterlony on 4th March 1816 in Makwanpur. Ochterlony handed over the acceptance letter duly signed and stamp of Governor General to Upadhyaya.


(From writings of Atkinson, Preamble, , Saxsena, Fraser, Princep, Maularam, Balchandra Sharma, Sanwal, English pre mutiny records, Upadhyaya, Dehradun vol., 8; Saklani, Mutiny records Kumaon; Achieves  of  Tehri Kingdom Record etc.)
Copyright@ Bhishma Kukreti Mumbai, India, bckukreti@gmail.com 22/6/2016
History of Garhwal – Kumaon-Haridwar (Uttarakhand, India) to be continued… Part -835
*** History of Gorkha/Gurkha /Nepal Rule over Kumaun, Garhwal and Himachal (1790-1815) to be continued in next chapter
(The History of Garhwal, Kumaon, Haridwar write up is aimed for general readers)
XX                    Reference           
                 
Atkinson E.T., 1884, 1886, Gazetteer of Himalayan Districts …
Hamilton F.B. 1819, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal and the territories
Colnol Kirkpatrik 1811, An Account of Kingdom of Nepal
Dr S.P Dabral, Uttarakhand ka Itihas part 5, Veer Gatha Press, Dogadda
Bandana Rai, 2009 Gorkhas,: The Warrior Race
Krishna Rai Aryal, 1975, Monarchy in Making Nepal, Shanti Sadan, Giridhara, Nepal
I.R.Aryan and T.P. Dhungyal, 1975, A New History of Nepal , Voice of Nepal
L.K Pradhan, Thapa Politics:
Gorkhavansavali, Kashi, Bikram Samvat 2021 
Derek J. Waller, The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia page 172-173
B. D. Pande, Kumaon ka Itihas
Balchandra Sharma, Nepal ko Aitihasik Rup Rekha
Chaudhari , Anglo  –Nepalese Relations
Pande, Vasudha , Compares Histriographical Traditions of Gorkha Rule in Nepal and Kumaon
Pradhan , Kumar, 1991, The Gorkha Conquests , Oxford University  Press
Minyan Govrdhan Singh , History of Himachal Pradesh
A.P Coleman, 1999, A Special Corps
Captain Thomas Smith, 1852,Narrative of a Five Years Residence at Nepal Vol.1
Maula Ram/Mola Ram  , Ranbahadurchandrika and Garhrajvanshkavya
J B Fraser , Asiatic Research
Shyam Ganguli, Doon Rediscovered
Minyan Prem Singh, Guldast Tabarikh Koh Tihri Garhwal
Patiram Garhwal , Ancient and Modern
Tara Datt Gairola, Parvtiy Sanskriti
John Premble, Invasion of Nepal
Chitranjan Nepali, Bhimsen Thapa aur Tatkalin Nepal
Sanwal, Nepal and East India Company
Nagendra kr Singh, Refugee to Ruler
Saxena, Historical papers related to Kumaon
Paper Respecting Nepal War by East India Company (papers in Stock)
Basu, Rise of Christian Power in India)
Moti Lal Ghosh, an article in Amrit Bazar Patrika
XXX
History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Garhwal, Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Pauri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Sirmour Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Chamoli Garhwal, Nainital Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Kangara Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Rudraprayag Garhwal, Almora Kumaon, Uttarakhand; Baghat Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Tehri Garhwal, Champawat Kumaon, Uttarakhand Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal; Punar Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Uttarkashi Garhwal, Bageshwar Kumaon, Uttarakhand;  Nahan Himachal; History Gurkha /Gorkha Rule over Dehradun Garhwal, Pithoragarh Kumaon, Uttarakhand; History Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  History of Nepal, History of Doti Nepal, History of Nepalese/ Gurkha regime
Nepal Itihas, Garhwal Itihas, Kumaon Itihas, Himachal Itihas;  Gurkha/Gorkha ka Kumaon par  Adhikar Itihas , Gurkha/Gorkha Garhwal par Shasan Itihas Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal;  Gurkha/Gorkha Rule in Kumaon, Garhwal Uttarakhand; History Gurkha/Gorkha  Rule in Himachal Ruthless Gurkha/Nepalese Administration in Himachal